Scroll 10 - Emperor Ojin

Accession of Emperor Ojin

Emperor Homuta [Ojin] was the fourth child of Emperor Tarashinakatsuhiko [Chuai]. His mother was called Okinagatarashihime no Mikoto [Jingu].
The Emperor was born in the year that the previous Empress attacked Silla, the year Ka no Etatsu, winter, twelfth month, in Kada in Tsukushi. From a young age, he was intelligent, and could see deep and far, and in his action and reserve, progress and withdrawal, he had the miraculous appearance of a sage. In the third year of the Empress’ administration, he became the Crown Prince. He was three years old.
Originally when the Emperor was in the womb the gods of heaven and earth bestowed upon him the three kingdoms of Korea. When he was born, the meat of his upper arm looked like an elbow-pad, and the Empress saw this resemblance as that of a masculine accessory, (Ae is read a-e, 阿叡). Therefore his name was pronounced, Emperor Homuta. In those days, it was common to call elbow-pads homuta.
It is also said, when the Emperor first became Crown Prince, he went to the country of Koshi, and worshiped the great god Tsunuga no Kehi. At that time, the great god and the Crown Prince changed names. Therefore the great god was called Izasawake no Kami, and the Emperor Homutawake no Mikoto. As such, the great gods original name must have been Homutawake no Kami, and the Crown Prince’s original name Izasawake no Mikoto. However this is not seen elsewhere, and remains unclear.
In the 69th year, summer, fourth month since she assumed governance, the Empress died. She was 100 years old.
First year, spring, first month. On the first day, the crown prince became Emperor. This year was 270.

Establishment of the Empress

Second year, spring, third month. On the third day, Princess Nakatsu became Empress. The Empress gave birth to Imperial Prince Arata, Emperor Osazaki [Nintoku], and Imperial Prince Netori.
Previously the Emperor had made the Empress’ older sister Princess Takakiiri his consort. She gave birth to Imperial Prince Nukata no Onakatsuhiko, Imperial Prince Oyamamori, Imperial Prince Izanomawaka, Imperial Princess Ohara, and Imperial Princess Komukuta.
Also the Emperess’ younger sister, Princess Oto, gave birth to Imperial Princess Abe, Imperial Princess Awajimihara, and Imperial Princess Kinouno. His next consort was the ancestor of the Omi of Wani, Hifurenoomi’s daughter Princess Miyanushiyaka. She gave birth to Imperial Prince Ujinowakiiratsuko, Imperial Princess Yata, and Imperial Princess Metori. His next consort was the younger sister of Princess Yaka (Miyanushiyaka), Princess Onabe. Onabe is read o-na-be, 烏儺謎. She gave birth to Imperial Princess Ujinowakiiratsume. His next consort was the daughter of Kawamatanakatsuhiko, Princess Oto. She gave birth to Imperial Prince Waka no Kefutamata (mata is read ma-ta, 摩多). His next consort was the younger sister of the Muraji of Sakuraitabe, Princess Ito. She gave birth to Imperial Prince Hayabusawake. His next consort was Princess Himukanoizuminonaga. She gave birth to Imperial Prince Ohae and Imperial Prince Ohae. Altogether the Emperor had 20 royal children, boys and girls.
Imperial prince Netori became the first ancestor of the Kimi of Ota. Imperial prince Oyamamori was the first ancestor of the Kimi of Hijikata and the Kimi of Harihara, two clans altogether. Imperial prince Izanomawaka was the first ancestor of the Fukakawawake.

Foreign Relations

3rd year, winter, tenth month. On the third day, the eastern Emishi came to the court with tribute. They were set to work on the road of Umayasaka.
11th month. The fisherman of several places did not follow orders in a revolt, called sabemeku. Sabameku is read sa-be-me-ku, 佐麼売玖. Thus the ancestor of the Muraji of Azumi, Ohama no Sukune, was dispatched to put down this sabameku. Therefore he became the fisherman’s leader, and the common people’s proverb “Sawaama,”for “noisy fishermen,” refers to this event.
The same year, King Sinsa succeeded to the throne of Baekje, but failed to observe the rites to the rich country’s Emperor. Therefore the Emperor dispatched Ki no Tsuno no Sukune, Hata no Yashiro no Sukune, Ishikawa no Sukune, and Tsuku no Sukune, and had them reproach him for his lack of manners. Thereby, the people of Baekje killed King Sinsa out of apology. Then Ki no Tsuno no Sukune and the others established Ahwa as King of Baekje and returned.
5th year, autumn, eighth month. On the 13th day, the Emperor ordered the many countries to establishing the be of fisherman and hunters [mountain wardens].
Winter, tenth month. The country of Ki was charged to make a boat, length 30.3 meters. After the boat was finished, it was tested floating on the ocean, and it floated light and went fast, as if it were running. Therefore its name was called Karano. That the boat was light and fast and thereby named Karano may be a mistake, it may have been Karuno, and later people corrupted it.
6th year, spring, second month. The Emperor visited the country of Omi. Coming to around Ujino he sang,
“blah blah blah.”

Seventh year, autumn, ninth month. Men of Goguryeo, Baekje, Gaya, and Silla all attended on the court. At that time Takeshiuchi no Sukune was ordered to take the Koreans with him and make a pond. The pond was called, Karahito no Ike.
8th year, spring, third month. Men of Baekje attended the court. According to the Record of Kudara, “King Ahwa was established, and did not pay respects to the rich country, therefore our lands of Tomutare, Kennamu, Shishimu, Kokuna and Toukan were stolen. Then the prince Jikji was sent to the imperial court to restore the friendship of earlier kings.”

Plot against Takeshiuchi no Sukune

9th year, summer, fourth month. Takeshiuchi no Sukune was dispatched to Tsukushi to inspect the people. At that time Takeshiuchi no Sukune’s younger brother, Umashiuchi no Sukune, wished to get rid of his brother, and laid false charges on him, telling the Emperor, “Takeshiuchi no Sukune always wishes to get ahold of the realm, and now I hear he is in Tsukushi secretly planning treason, saying, ‘Alone I will tear off Tsukushi from the kingdom, and invite in the three kingdoms of Korea to the order of my court, then I will have the realm’” Thus the Emperor dispatched a messenger with orders to kill Takeshiuchi no Sukune.
At that time Takeshiuchi no Sukune said with a sigh, “I from the beginning had no duplicitous heart, and was loyal to the Emperor. Now by what disaster most those with no sin die?”
At this the ancestor of the Atai of Iki Maneko, a man who looked just like Takeshiuchi no Sukune, by himself lamented that Takeshiuchi no Sukune, in his innocence, should die an empty death, and thereby told Takeshiuchi no Sukune, “Now the royal minister is loyal to our lord, and has no black heart of other intention, and in the realm this is widely known. I want you to secretly escape and attend on the court, and distinguish yourself as having no sin, and afterwards it will not be too late to die. Now people these days all say, ‘you look just like the royal minister.’ Therefore now I will, instead of the royal minister, die, and the minister’s true, red heart will be made clear.” At this he fell on his sword and killed himself.
At that time Takeshiuchi no Sukune by himself grieved greatly, and secretly escaped from Tsukushi, and floated on the sea, following around on the south, and stayed in the port of Ki. At last he got to the court, and petitioned that he had no sin.
The Emperor then questioned Takeshiuchi no Sukune and Umashiuchi no Sukune. Then the two each persistently fought, and it was difficult to decide. The Emperor then ordered that they ask the gods and perform Kukatachi. Then Takeshiuchi no Sukune and Umashiuchi no Sukune together went out to the river Shiki, and at the water’s edge did Kukatachi (boiling water), and Takeshiuchi no Sukune was victorious. Then he took out his cross-sword and felled Umashiuchi no Sukune and wanted to kill him. The Emperor ordered him pardoned, and then gave him to the ancestors of the Atai of Ki.

Relationship with Princess Kaminaga

11th year, winter, tenth month. Tsurugi reservoir, Karu reservoir, Kanokaki reservoir, and Umayasaka reservoir were made.
Someone said to the Emperor, “In the country of Hyuga there is a beautiful girl, called Princess Kaminaga, the daughter of Morogata no Kimiushimoroi. He appearance is truly splendid.” The Emperor was pleased, and in the depth of his heart he wanted seek after her.
13th year, spring, third month. The Emperor dispatched a special messenger to beckon Princess Kaminaga.
Autumn, ninth month, middle week. Princess Kaminaga of her own accord departed from Hyuga and arrived in the village of Kuwatsu. There Imperial Prince Osazaki no Mikoto saw Princess Kaminaga, and felt her figure was beautiful, and fell in love with her. Then the Emperor knew that Osazaki no Mikoto felt for Princess Kaminaga and wanted to marry her. Therefore on the day the Emperor held a banquet in the outer palace, he first called Princess Kaminaga, and had her sit in the banquet seat. When Osazaki no Mikoto came in he pointed to Princess Kaminaga, and sang, “Blah blah blah.”
When Osazaki no Mikoto heard this honorable song, he knew that the Emperor would bestow Princess Kaminaga upon him, and was greatly joyed and replied, singing, “blah blah blah.”
Then after Osazaki no Mikoto and Princess Kaminaga had consumated their relationship he felt affection for her, and then he sang to her himself, “blah blah blah.”
Then sang again, “blah blah blah.”
It is also said, Morogatakimiushi of Hyuga was attending on the imperial court, and was already very advanced in age, and could no longer serve. When he was to finish service and retire to his homeland, he offered up his daughter, Princess Kaminaga.
At first she went to Harima, and when the Emperor visited the island of Awaji he did some sport hunting. The Emperor looked to the west, and saw many tens of deer floating on the water, and they came toward him, then went into the port of Kako in Harima.
The Emperor said to the men on his left and to the right, “What’s with these deer, that so many come floating on on the great sea?”
Then the men at his left and the right together looked for the reason, and dispatched messengers to investigate. The messengers arrived and looked, and all of them were people. However, they had worn the skin and antlers of deer, and made this their clothing.
The messengers asked them, “Who are you all?”
They said, “Morogatakimiushi. I have aged and retired from service, only I could not forget the court. Therefore I offer up my daughter, Princess Kaminaga.”
The Emperor was joyed at this, and called for his ship. At that time people called that shore, Kako no Minato. As for the practice of calling sailors “Kako,” this is probably he first instance.

Learned Men Come from Baekje

14th year, spring, second month. The King of Baekje sent the Emperor a seamstress, called Maketsu. She was the first ancestor of the seamstresses of Kume. The same year, Yutsuki no Kimi came from Baekje to make allegiance. Then he said to the Emperor, “I had ordered the people of 120 districts of my own country to make allegiance to you. However, the Sillans prevented this, and they are all stuck in the land of Kara.” Then the Emperor dispatched Sotsuhiko from Kazuragi to invite Yutsuki no Kimi’s people out of Kara. Three years passed, but Sotsuhiko did not return.
15th year, autumn, eighth month. On the sixth day, the King of Baekje dispatched Achiki, and with him tribute of two excellent horses. The horses were stabled in Karu, in atop the hill of Umaya. Therefore Achiki was ordered to take charge of their upbringing, therefore the place these horses were raised was called Umayasaka. Achiki could also read the classics, so he became the teacher of the heir apparent Ujinowakiiratsuko.
Then the Emperor asked Achiki, sauing, “Are there other men more learned than you?”
He replied, “There is a once called Wani, and he is superior to me.”
Then they dispatched the ancestors of the Kimi of Kamitsukeno, Aratawake, and Kamunakiwake, to Baekje, to summon Wani. Achiki was the first descendent of the Achiki no Fubito.
16th year, spring, second month. Wani came. Then he became the teacher of the heir apparent Ujinowakiiratsuko, and taught him many documents, and there was nothing in which he was not thoroughly accomplished. Wani became the first descendant of the Fumi no Obito. The same year, King Ahwa of Baekje died. The Emperor called up Jikji and said to him, “You must return to your country and succeed to the kingship.” Then he gave him the districts of Eastern Han and dispatched him. The areas of Eastern Han were Kamura no Sashi, Konan no Sashi, and Nirimu no Sashi.
Eighth month. The Emperor dispatched Heguri no Tsuku no Sukune and Ikuha no Toda no Sukune to Kara. Then the Emperor gave them choice soldiers and said, “Sotsuhiko has not come back for a long time, so certainly the Sillans are preventing it and staying him. You and the others immediately go and attack Silla, and open up this road.” Then Tsuku no Sukune and the others went forth with the soldiers, and went up to the Sillan border. The Sillan King was afraid and confessed his crime. Then they led away the people of Yutsuki and together with Sotsuhiko returned.

The People of Kuzu

19th year, winter, tenth month. On the first day, the Emperor visited the Yoshino Palace. At that time the people of Kuzu came to the court and they offered wine [ kozake ] to the Emperor, and sang, “blah blah blah.”
When the song reading had finished, they struck their mouths, lifted their heads, and smiled. Now in the country of the Kuzu, on the day they offer up the products of the land, when the song has finished reading they strike their mouths, look up, and laugh – probably this is a remnant of the history above.
The people of Kuzu are of simple character. They always take the mountain fruits to eat, and also boil frog of superb flavor – this is called momi. This country lies to the east and south of the capital, and facing the mountains, near the Yoshino river, and its peaks are steep, its valleys deep, and its roads very narrow. Therefore even though it was not far from the capital, originally its people rarely came to the court. However from this time on, they regularly attended and offered up the products of their land. This land’s products were millet, take mushrooms, and a variety of sheatfish.
20th year, autumn, ninth month. The ancestor of the Yamato no Aya no Atai, Achi no O, and his son, Tsuka no O, came leading people of their clan from 17 regions and naturalized.

Sadness of Princess E

22nd year, spring, third month. On the fifth day, the Emperor visited Naniwa and stayed in Osumi Palace. On the 14th day, the Emperor climbed atop a high stand and looked far-off. At that time Princess E was attending on him, and she looked to the west and sighed greatly. Princess E was the ancestor of the Omi of Kibi, the older sister of Mitomowake. Then the Emperor asked Princess E, “Why do you sigh like that?”
She replied, “These days, I have often felt great love for my father and mother, and then when I looked to the west I all of a sudden sighed. Please let me go back, so I can see my relatives.”
The Emperor loved Princess E’s warm feelings, and then said to her, “Since you separated from your parents, already many years have pased. Wanting to go home is only natural.” Then he permitted it. Then he summoned 80 men from Mihara in Awaji, and made them sailors, and sent them to Kibi.
Summer, fourth month. Princess E, of her own accord, left Otsu by boat. The Emperor was on his high stand, and looked out at Princess E’s ship, and sang, “blah blah blah.”
Autumn, ninth month. On the sixth day, the Emperor was hunting in the island of Awaji. This island is across the sea, to the west of Naniwa. Its mountain peaks are a jumble, and its hills and valleys stretch on, fragrant grasses bloom and high waves crash violently. Deer, ducks, and geese are plentiful on this island. Therefore the Emperor’s carriage often visited. The Emperor then went through Awaji and visited Kibi, where he visited the island of Azuki. On the tenth day, he moved to Ashimori Palace in Hada. Hada is read ha-da, 簸娜. At that time Mitomowake came to visit him. Then his brothers and descendants were made stewards and made to attend on the Emperor’s food. The Emperor then looked on Mitomowake and how humbly he attended his duty, and was greatly pleased. Then he split up the country of Kibi, and made it the fiefdom of his sons. The first division was Kawashima no Agata, and it was given to his oldest son Inahayawake. He was the first ancestor of the Omi of Shimotsumichi. The second, Kamitsumichi no Agata, was granted to his middle son, Nakatsuhiko. He was the first ancestor of the Omi of Kamitsumichi and the Omi of Kaya. The third division was Mino no Agata, and it was granted to his younger son Otohiko. He was the first ancestor of the Omi of Mino. Also, Hakugi no Agata was granted to Mitomowakes’s younger brother, Kamowake. He was the first ancestor of the Omi of Kasa. Also, Sono no Agata was granted to his older brother Urakoriwake. He was the first ancestor of the Omi of Sono. Also the be of Hatori was given to Princess E. Her descendents are now in the country of Kibi for this reason.

Tyranny in Baekje

25th year. King Jikji of Baekje died. His son Guisin, became king.
The king was still young, and so Mokumanchi of Yamato seized the country’s administration, and had an affair with the king’s mother, and there were many other instances of discourtesy. The Emperor heard this and summoned him.
According to the Record of Kudara, Mokumanchi was the child of Mokura Konshi, who when he attacked Silla married a woman from that country. Because of the father’s deeds, he held absolute power in Gaya. He often came into our country, and went back and forth from the rich country. He received mandate from the imperial court, and then took over administration of our country, and his power was unequaled in that day. However the Emperor heard of his violence and summoned him back.
28th year, autumn, ninth month. The King of Goguryeo dispatched a messenger with tribute. He also presented an address which began, “The King of Goguryeo instructs the land of Yamato.” The heir apparent Ujinowakiiratsuko read this and angrily blamed the messenger of Goguryeo for his lack of manners, and destroyed the document.

Burning of the Command Ship

31st year, autumn, eighth month. The Emperor addressed the myriad advisers, saying, “The command ship, called Karano, the boat sent as tribute from the country of Izu, has decayed and is unusable. However, it long served in official use, and it’s service cannot be forgotten. How about we do not retire this boat’s name, thereby passing it on to future generations?” The myriad advisers all heard this address, and ordered the officials to take the materials of the boat and use it as fuel for making [lit. burning] salt.
Then they got 500 baskets of salt, and handed them out freely to the many countries, and ordered them all to make boats. In this way the many countries all offered up boats, and the number reached 500, and they were collected in the port of Mukono. At that time some emissaries from Silla were staying together at Muko. Then suddenly there was a fire at the place the Sillans were staying, and the damage extended to many of the boats that were collected there, and many of the boats were burned. Therefore they blamed the Sillans.
When the Sillan King heard this, he was greatly afraid and shocked, and sent as tribute a carpenter. He was the first descendant of the Inabe. At first on the day they burned the boat Karano for salt fuel, there was some wood leftover, and they thought it strange that it did not burn and offered it to the Emperor. The emperor thought it strange and made a harp, and its sound was clear and could be heard far at distance. Thus the Emperor sang, “blah blah blah.”
37th year, spring, second month. On the first day, the Emperor dispatched Achi no Omi and Tsuka no Omi to Wu and ordered them to search for a seamstress. Then Achi no Omi and the others crossed into the country of Goguryeo, and wanted to pass through to Wu. Arriving in Goguryeo, they did not know the way. They requested a guide in Goguryeo. The King of Goguryeo sent Kureha and Kureshi, two people, to guide them, and because of this they were able to get to Wu. The king of Wu gave them four women, Princess E, Princess Oto, Kurehatori, and Anahatori.
39th year, spring, second month. The King of Baekje, sent his younger sister Shisetsuhime to attend and serve on the Emperor. Shisetsuhime led seven other women and naturalized.

Establishment of the Assistant to the Crown Prince

40th year, spring, first month. On the 15th day, the Emperor summoned Oyamamori no Mikoto and Osazaki no Mikoto and asked them, “Do you love your children?”
They replied, “Yes we do.”
Then he asked them, “Which is superior, the older or the younger?”
Oyamamori no Mikoto replied, “The older is like no other.” At this the color of the Emperor's face showed his displeasure.
At that time Osazaki no Mikoto observed the color of the Emperor and replied, “The older child has passed through many summers and winters, and is already an adult, so I do not worry about him. However, for the younger child, it is still unknown if he will become an adult or not, so I worry about him.
Then the Emperor said happily, “Your words match my heart.” The Emperor had been wanting to establish Ujinowakiiratsuko as Crown Prince, however he wanted to know the feelings of the two imperial princes, so he dispatched an inquiry. He was not pleased with the reply of Oyamamori no Mikoto. On the 24th day, Ujinowakiiratsuko was made heir. The same day, Oyamamori was in attendance and ordered to lead the mountains, rivers, woods, and fields, and Osazaki no Mikoto was made the assistant to the Crown Prince, and directed matters of state.

Death of the Emperor

41st year, spring, second month. On the 15th day, the Emperor died in Akira Palace. He was 110 years old. One story says he died in Osumi Palace. That month, Achi no Omi and the others came back from Wu to Tsukushi. At that time, the great god Munakata wanted workwomen. Therefore Princess E was given to the great god Munakata, and now in Tsukushi the Kimi of Mitsukai are her descendents. So they led three women, and when they reached the country of Tsu, heading to Muko, the Emperor died, and they were not in time to meet him. They presented them to Osazaki no Mikoto. Their descendents are now the seamstresses of Kure and the seamstresses of Kaya.

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