The Emperor Rejects the Throne
Emperor Oasazumawakugo no Sukune [Ingyo] was the younger brother of Emperor Mitsuhawake [Hanzei] by the same mother. From when the Emperor was young until his hair was tied as a youth, he was gracious and unassuming. When he was young he was very sick and became handicapped.
6th year, spring, first month. Emperor Mitsuhawake died.
Then the myriad ministers took counsel and said, “Now, the children of Emperor Ohosazaki [Nintoku], Imperial Prince Oasazumawakugo no Sukune, and Imperial Prince Okusaka are here. However Imperial Prince Oasazumawakugo no Sukune is the elder and is virtuous and filial.” Then they chose a lucky day, pronounced him Emperor and presented the signet.
Then Imperial Prince Oasazumawakugo no Sukune declined, saying, “By some misfortune, I was long sick, and am unable to walk. Previously I had wanted to cure the illness, and without saying anything to the emperor secretly mutilated myself to cure the illness, but still it did not change. Therefore the previous Emperor reprimanded me, saying, ‘Because you were sick you mutilated yourself, and there is nothing greater than this. In the long life you live, you will never be able to succeed to the great endeavor.’ Therefore my two older brothers, as Emperors, thought me foolish and treated my lightly, and all of this the myriad ministers knew. Now, the realm is like a great vessel, and the imperial throne a great task. He should be the father and mother of the people, this is the occupation of a sage and wise man, how can a low fool take up this post? Therefore choose a clever prince and set him up, for how can I dare to do this?”
Then the myriad officials again bowed and said, “Now, the imperial throne cannot long be left empty, and heaven’s mandate cannot be humbly deferred. Now the great prince is is spending time going against the wishes of the many, and not properly taking up his rank, so the ministers fear the wishes of the people will be cut off. We wish the great prince to, despite the great labor, to go on and assume the Chrysanthemum Throne.”
Then Imperial Prince Oasazumawakugo no Sukune said, “Taking charge of the realm [ancestral temples and temples of earth and grain] is an important thing. I have had a serious disease, and am not appropriate for the job. Then he stopped speaking and would not acquiese. Then the myriad ministers all tenaciously said, “In our humble opinion, the great prince is the most proper person for receiving charge the temple of your imperial ancestors. Even the tens of thousands of people of the realm all think so. We wish the great prince to consent!”
The Emperor Accepts the Throne
First year, winter, 12th month. The imperial consort Imperial Princess Oshisaka Onakatsu grieved the melancholy words of the myriad ministers, and on her own took up the hand-washing water and presented it before the Imperial Prince, and honored the Imperial Prince saying, “The great king has not taken up his office. The rank is empty, and months and years have passed. The myriad ministers and public officials are in anxiety and do not know what to do. I wish the great king to follow the wishes of the multitude and though it be unreasonable assume the imperial rank!” However the Imperial Prince did not agree, and turned his back and did not speak. Then Oshisaka Onakatsu was afraid because she did not know whether to retire or to wait on him, and four of five hours passed.
At this time it was late winter and the wind was very cold. The water in the vessel that Princess Onakatsu was holding overflowed onto her arms and froze, and she could not tolerate the cold and was about to die. The Imperial Prince then turned back and was in great shock, and moved to save her, saying, “Succeeding is an important matter, and cannot be taken up lightly, and so up to know I did not follow. However now as the myriad ministers say, I see it as the way of reason. How can I decline?” Then Princess Onakatsu looked up in joy, and told the myriad ministers, “The Imperial Prince will now hear the sentiments of the myriad ministers. Now you should offer him the signet.”
Then the myriad ministers were all greatly joyed, and held up in two hands the Imperial signet, and again praised him. Then the Imperial Prince said, “The myriad ministers together have made request of me for the realm. How can I refuse them to no end?” Then he rose the to the Chrysanthemum Throne. The year was 412.
Establishment of the Empress
Second year, spring, second month. On the 14th day, Princess Oshisaka Onakatsu became Empress. That day, the Oshisaka be was established on behalf of the Empress. The Empress gave birth to Imperial Prince Kinashi no Karu, Imperial Princess Nagata no Oiratsume, Imperial Prince Sakai no Kurohiko, Imperial Prince Anaho [Anko, Imperial Princess Karu no Oiratsume, Imperial Prince Yatsuri no Shirohiko, Emperor Ohatsuse no Wakatake [Yuryaku], Imperial Princess Tajima no Tachibana no Oiratsume, and Imperial Princess Sakami.
A while back, when the Empress was living in her mother’s house, she was having stroll alone in the garden. At that time the kuni no miyatsuko of Tsuge came on the way that passed by the garden, and rode his horse up to the bamboo hedge, and spoke to the Empress, sneering at her, saying, “You’ve made the garden well, haven’t you?” (you is read na-bi-to, 那鼻苔). Then he said, “Say, why don’t you give me one of those nobiru plants?” (Ide is read i-de, 異提. Toji is read to-ji, 覩自.
Then the Empress collected one nobiru plant and gave it to the one on the horse, and then asked him, “Why did you want a nobiru?”
Then the man on the horse said, “For a trip to the mountains, to chase off the flies.” Magunaki is read ma-gu-na-ki, 摩愚那岐.
At that time the Empress, feeling the rudeness of the horse-rider’s words inside her heart, said to him, “You, I will not forget you.”
Afterwards, soon after becoming Empress, she searched for the horse rider with the nobiru and because of his crime in the past wanted to kill him. Then the man with the nobiru kowtowed, and struck his head on the ground, saying, “I have sinned, and deserve to die 10,000 deaths. However that day, I did not know who you were.” Then the Empress forgave him the death penalty, and lowered his title to Inaki.
Cure of the Emperor's Disease
3rd year, spring, first month. On the first day, a messenger was dispatched to seek a good doctor in Silla.
Autumn, eighth month. The doctor came from Silla. He was ordered to cure the Emperor’s disease. After some hours passed, he cured it. The Emperor was greatly pleased, and rewarded the doctor greatly, and then the doctor returned to his country.
Establishment of Names and Titles
Fourth year, autumn, ninth month. On the ninth day, the Emperor proclaimed, “In ancient times, administration meant that the people had their respective places and titles. Now since I became Emperor, four years have passed, and the upper and lower fight amongst themselves, and the people [hundred surnames] are in unrest. They mistake and lose their titles, or proclaim themselves as high clans. Now as for why we have not been able to administrate, maybe this is the reason. Though I am unwise, how can I fail to correct this? Myriad ministers, take counsel and inform me of your decision.”
Then the myriad ministers all said, “The sovereign seeks to restore the lost and correct the crookedness by establishing a system of titles, and we will risk death in doing so!”
On the 28th day, the Emperor proclaimed, “Myriad ministers, public officials, and many kuni no miyatusko all each say they are of Imperial progency, or that their ancestors mysteriously came down from heaven. However, since the three powers have separated, many tens of thousands of years have pased. One clan has multiplied and became 10,000 names, and it is difficult to know the truth. Therefore let each men of each clan and name bathe and purify themselves, and each be made to do Kukatachi.”
Then, at Kotonomagahe no Saki at the hill of Umakashi, jars were arranged for the boiling water, and many were called and ordered to do it, for it was said, “If you are honest then you will be OK, but liars will certainly be injured. Kukatachi is read ku-ka-ta-chi, 区訶陀智. Also there were the customs of putting mud in a pot and boiling it, then mixing it with the hand and stir up the mud, and also of heating an axe red-hot and then placing it in the palm of the hand.”
Then the people all put tree bark on their arms each did kukatachi, and those who were honest were OK, but those who were false were all harmed. From thereon the liars were astonished and escaping beforehand would not come forth for the test. Thereafter naturally the names and titles were estabilshed, and no one falsified them.
Burial of Emperor Hanzei
5th year, autumn, seventh month. On the 14th day, there was an earthquake. Before this, the grandson of Kazuraki no Sotsuhiko, called Tamata no Sukune, was ordered to oversee the temporary burial of Emperor Mitsuhawake. On the night of the earthquake, The Muraji of Owari, called Aso, was dispatched to investigate the circumstances of the temporary burial palace. At that time the people vigorously assembled, and no one did not come, save Tamata no Sukune who was not there. So Aso reported, “At the palace of the temporary burial the Master of Ceremonies, Tamata no Sukune, is not present.” Then the dispatched Aso to Kazuraki and ordered him to see Tamata no Sukune.
That day, Tamata no Sukune had assmbeled men and women and was having a banquet. Aso attended on him, and stated the matter to Tamata no Sukune. The Sukune was concerned that this would be a problem, and gave Aso a horse as a present, but then secretly attacked Aso and killed him on the road. Therefore he ran away and hid around the tomb of Takeshiuchi no Sukune.
The Emperor heard of this and summoned Tamata no Sukune. The Sukune was in doubt and wore armor inside of his clothing and came to report. The edge of his armor stuck out from inside of his clothes. The Emperor then to know clearly this thing, and ordered an lady in waiting, called Harida, to serve alcohol to Tamata no Sukune. Then the lady in waiting knew clearly that he had armor under his clothing, and reported this to the Emperor. The Emperor called soldiers up to kill him, but Tamata no Sukune secretly escaped to his house. Then the Emperor again raised soldiers and surrounded his house, then caught him and put him to death.
Winter, 11th month. On the 11th day, they buried Emperor Mitsuhawake in the tomb of Miminohara.
Establishment of the Empress' Sister as Consort
7th year, winter, 12th month. On the first day, there was a banquet in the new palace. The Emperor played the harp, and the Empress danced. When the dance was finished, she did not say the closing words. At that time, the custom was that at a banquet the dancer, upon finishing the dance, to the highest ranking person would say, “I offer you a woman.” At that time the Emperor asked the Empress, “Why did you not follow protocol?”
The Empress was anxious over this, and so she danced again. When the sance was over, she said, “I offer you a woman.”
Then the Emperor asked the Empress, saying, “Who is the woman you offer? I want to know the name.”
Then the Empress answered, “My younger sister, called Princess Oto.”
Princess Oto’s figure was stately and without compare, and her color shone through her clothing and made her glimmer. At this time, people called her Sotooshi no Iratsume. The Emperor’s thoughts were of Sotooshi no Iratsume, and therefore the Emperor made the Empress offer her up to him. The Empress knew he would do this, and would not lightly follow proper protocol. Then the Emperor was greatly pleased, and the next day dispatched a messenger to summon Princess Oto. At that time Princess Oto accompanied her mother in Omi, in Sakada. Princess Oto feared the Empress’ disposition and would not come forth. He called her again seven times, but each time she strictly refused and would not come.
At this the Emperor was not pleased. Then he ordered Tonerinakatomi no Ikatsunoomi, saying, “The woman offered me by the Empress, Princess Oto, has been summoned but will not come. You go by yourself and call Princess Oto to come. Certainly you will be richly rewarded.”
Ikatsunoomi received the order and returned, and put rice cakes inside his clothing and went to Sakada. Then he lay prostrate in Princess Oto’s garden and said, “The Emperor orders you, you have been summoned.”
Then Princess Oto said in reply, “Why do I not follow the Emperor’s order? Only I do not wish to injure the Empress’ thoughts. I would die before I came.”
Then Ikatsunoomi said, “I have received the Emperor’s order, and certainly must lead you to come to him. If I you do not come, then I will surely be punished. Therefore rather than return to severe punishment, better that I die lying prostrate in your garden.” Then seven days passed, and he lay in the garden.
Then he did not eat or drink the food given him, but secretly he ate the cakes that were inside his clothing. Princess Oto, who to prevent arousing the Empress’ jealously did not follow the Emperor’s order. Now his loyal servant would die, and this would also be a crime for her part. Therefore she followed Ikatsu no Omi and came to the Emperor. Arriving in Yamato in Kasuga, and ate above the well of Ichi. Then Princess Oto on her own offered up alcohol to the servant, and comforted him.
The messenger then arrived in the capital, and stayed Princess Oto in the house of the Atai of Yamato, Ago, and reported to the Emperor. The Emperor was greatly pleased, and rewarded Ikatsu no Omi richly. Therefore the Empress was not of even disposition, and Princess Oto could not come within the palace, and separately a palace was built in Fujihara and she dwelt there.
Princess Oto Moves
On the night the Empress gave birth to Ohatsuse, the Emperor was going to visit Fujihara palace. The Empress heard this and said with resentment, “From when I first tied my hair, and went into the harem, already many years have pased. It is cruel, Emperor. Now that I am giving birth, between life or death, why, on this night, do you go to Fujihara? Then she gave birth, and set fire to the birthing chamber, and was going to die. The Emperor heard this, and was shocked, saying,
“I made a mistake.” Then he soothed the Empress’ thoughts with words.
Eighth year, spring, second month. The Emperor visited Fujihara, and secretly saw the condition of Sotooshi no Iratsume. That night, Sotooshi no Iratsume was thinking of the Emperor by herself. She did not know the Emperor’s was there, and sang,
“blah blah blah.”
The Emperor heard this song, and had feelings for her, and then he sang,
“blah blah blah.”
The next day, the Emperor saw the cherry blossoms near the well and sang, “blah blah blah.”
The Empress heard this, and was greatly vexed. Then Sotooshi no Iratsume said, “I am always near the king’s palace, and day and night continuing together wish to see the soveriegn’s power and ceremony. However the Empress is my elder sister, and by me she resents the sovereign, and is troubled because of me. Now I wish to be separated from the king’s palace and wish to dwell far away, so that maybe the Empress’ jealous feelings can have a little break.”
The Emperor then right away made a palace for her in Kawachi, in Chinu, and Sotooshi no Iratsume dwelt there. Therefore this Emperor regularly went to hunt in Hineno.
Princess Oto's Song
Ninth year, spring, second month. The Emperor visited Chinu Palace.
Autumn, eighth month. He visited Chinu.
Winter, tenth month. He visited Chinu.
10th year, spring, first month. He visited Chinu.
Then the Empress said to the Emperor, “I am not at all jealous of Princess Oto. However, I fear the sovereign's visits are causing trouble for the citizens. I wish you should lower the frequency of your riding there.” After this wish he rarely went there.
11th year, spring, third month. On the 4th day, the Emperor visited Chinu Palace. Sotooshi no Iratsume sang,
“blah blah blah.”
At that time the Emperor said to Sotooshi no Iratsume, “No one else can hear this song. If the Empress hears it, she’ll be really angry.” Therefore the people at this time named the seaweed Nanorisomo. Previously, when Sotooshi no Iratsume was in the palace of Fujiwara, The Emperor told the Muraji Otomo no Muroya, “I have received a beautiful girl, and she is the younger sister of the Empress. My heart is in love with her, and I wish her name to remain for future generations. What should I do?” Then Muroya no Muraji did as he was commanded and reported a plan for approval. Then many kuni no miyatsuko were made to establish the Fujiwara be for Sotooshi no Iratsume.
The Pearl of Akaishi
14th year, autumn, ninth month. On the 12th day, the Emperor went hunting in Awaji. At that time, deer, monkeys, and wild boar filled the mountains and valleys, springing up like fire and scattering like flies. However after one full day they could not get even one kill. Then they stopped and performed divination.
The god of the island said, “That you have not gotten any game is according to my design. In the depths of the Akaishi sea there is a pearl. If you offer this pearl to me in sacrifice, then I will make sure you get lots of game.” Then they collected many sailors and ordered them to search the depths of the Akaishi sea, however when searching the sea they could not reach the depths.
Only one sailor, called Osashi, from the Nagano village in Awa, was more skilled than the other sailors. He tied a rope around his waist and went into the depths of the sea, and after a while he came out saying, “In the depths of the sea, there is a great abalone. In this place it shines.”
The many people all said, “The pearl spoken of by the island god is probably within the stomach of this abalone.” They went in and searched for it. Then Osashi clutched the abalone and floated and came out, his breath stopped, and he died upon the waves. A rope was lowered to measure the depth of the ocean, and it was 60 hiros.
Then they split the abalone, and surely enough the pearl was inside, and it was giant, like a peach. Then they offered to the island god and went hunting, and they got a lot of game. Only it was sad that Osashi went into the ocean and died, so they made a tomb and buried him, and this tomb is still in existence.
Incest by the Crown Prince
23rd year, spring, third month. On the seventh day, Imperial Prince Kinashi no Karu was named crown prince. His figure was very beautiful, and people who saw him were struck. Also his older sister by the same mother Imperial Princess Karu no Oiratsume was very beautiful. The crown prince had always wanted to marry Oiratsume, He feared it being a sin and didn’t say anything. However his passion rose high, and it seemed like he was going to die.
Then he said, “I will die an empty death, so even if it is sin how can it be endured?” Then he secretly took her, and his passion was somewhat rested. Then he sang, “Blah blah blah.”
24th year, summer, sixth month. The Emperor’s soup froze. Thinking it strange, he performed divination for the reason.
The diviner said, “There is inner chaos, probably incest in your relations.”
At that time one man said, Imperial Prince Kinashi no Karu has debauched his younger sister by the same mother Imperial Princess Karu no Oiratsume. Therefore this thing was investigated, and it was found to be true. The crown prince was, as he was heir to the thrown, not able to be punished. Then they banished Imperial Princess Karu no Oiratsume to Iyo. Then the crown prince sang, “blah blah blah.”
And sang again, “blah blah blah.”
Death of the Emperor
42nd year, spring, first month. On the 14th day, the Emperor died. He was quiteold.
At this time the King of Silla heard that the Emperor had died, and was greatly shocked, and sent tribute of 80 ships with 80 kinds of musicians. When they stayed in Tsushima, there was a great wailing, and when they arrived in Tsukushi, there was again great wailing. Then they stayed in the port of Naniwa, and all bleached their garments, and offering up their tributes, they strang their musical instruments. From Naniwa to the capital, they wept and cried, and sang and danced, and eventually they came to the temporary burial palace.
Winter, 11th month. The Sillan ministers of mourning went home upon the finish of the funeral rites.
Then the Sillans came to love the area around the capital, and the mountains of Miminashi and Unebi. Then they came to the hill of Kotohiko and looked back and said, “Unemehaya, Mimihawa.” They still had not learned to speak [Japanese], so they corrupted Unebiyama caling it Unemehaya, and corrupted Miminashiyama, calling it Mimi.
At that time, the Umakai be of Yamato was accompanying the Sillans and heard these words and suspected that the Sillans had had intercourse with a lady in waiting, an uneme. Then they quickly returned and reported to Imperial Prince Ohatsuse. The Imperial Prince then prohibited Sillans’ messengers and made inquiry of them. Then the Sillans said respectfully, “There is no woman. Only we loved the two mountains near the capital.” Then they knew there was a mistake, and the Sillans were greatly resentful, and reduced their number of tribute ships.
Winter, tenth month. On the tenth day, they buried the Emperor in Kawachi, in the tomb of Nagano no Hara .
Death of the Crown Prince
Emperor Anaho was the second child of Emperor Oasazumawakugo no Sukune. By one account, he was the third child. His mother was Princess Oshisaka no Onakatsu no Mikoto, the daughter of Imperial Prince Wakanuke Futamata.
42nd year, spring, first month. The Emperor died.
Winter, tenth month. Funeral rites were completed.
At that time the crown prince [Kinashi no Karu] commited the atrocity of being lewd with a woman. The people of the country slandered him, and the myriad ministers were insubordinate, however they were subservient to Imperial Prince Anaho. The crown prince wanted to attack Imperial Prince Anaho, and secretly raised soldiers. Imperial Prince Anaho in return raised soldiers and was going to attack. Therefore Anaho-style arrows and Karu-style arrows were from this time. At that time the crown prince knew the myriad ministers to be insubordinate and the citizens rebellious, and departed to hide in the home of Mononobe no Omae no Sukune.
Imperial Prince Anaho heard this and surrounded him. Omae no Sukune came out to the gate to meet him. Then Imperial Prince Anaho sang, “blah blah blah.”
Omae no Sukune sang back, “blah blah blah.”
Then he said to the Imperial Prince, “Please do not kill the crown prince; I will counsel him.” Therefore the crown prince killed himself in the house of Omae no Sukune. By one version, he was banished to the country of Iyo.
Accession of Emperor Anko
12th month. On the 14th day, Imperial Prince Anaho rose to the rank of Emperor. The Empress was granted the title of Empress Dowager. The capital was moved to Isonokami, and called Palace Anaho.
Around that time, Imperial Prince Ohatsuse wanted to become betrothed to the daughters of Emperor Mitsuhawake [Hanzei]. The names of the girls are not seen in all the records. Then the Imperial Princesses said in reply, “The prince is consistently violent. He quickly becomes angry, and the person he sees in the morning he kills in the evening, and that he sees in the evening he kills in the morning. Now our faces are not superb, and our disposition crude. If our action or words do not meet with the prince’s ideal, how can he love us? Therefore we cannot fufill his order.” Subsequently they concealed themselves and would not agree.
Theft of an Imperial Treasure
First year, spring, second month. On the first day, the Emperor made wanted for Imperial Prince Ohatsuse the older sister of Imperial Prince Okusaka, Imperial Princess Hatabi. Then he dispatched the ancestor of the Omi of Sakamoto Ne no Omi, and proclaimed to Imperial Prince Okusaka “I want to get Imperial Princess Hatabi, I want to give her to Imperial Prince Ohatsuse.”
Then Imperial Prince Okusaka replied, “I have been affected by a great sickness, and it has not yet healed, for example like an object loaded on a ship waiting on the tide. However, dying is part of living, how can I begrudge this? However my older sister Imperial Princess Hatabi will be alone, and so I cannot die in peace. Now if the soverign will not hate her uglyness, and let her complete the number of flowers[women in the court], I would be very grateful; how can I dismiss this order? Therefore I want to show my good faith, and offer up my treasure to you, called the Oshiki no Tamakazura. By one version, called the Tachikazura. By another, the Iwakinokazura. I rely on your messenger Ne no Omi to present it to you. I wish this thing, though it is light and cheap, be taken for my sincerity.”
Then Ne no Omi saw the Oshiki no Tamakzura, and feeling its beauty, stole the treasure, and deceived the Emperor, saying, “Imperial Prince Okusaka will not be ruled, and said to me, ‘Though we are of the same family, How can I give my sister to be wife?’’ Then he kept the Kazura, and made it his own, and did not surrender it.
Then the Emperor believed the slanderous words of Ne no Omi, and in great anger raised soldiers, surrounded the house of Imperial Prince Okusaka and killed him. At that time, the father and sons Kishi Hikaka of Naniwa were serving together Imperial Prince Kusaka. Together they suffered because their master had died with no crime, and the father held the prince’s head in his arms, and two sons each held one of his legs, and they chanted, “Our master had no sin and died, how sad. We three, father and sons, served him in life. If when he dies we do not sacrifice herself, we are not his servants.” Then they cut their throats and died next to the Imperial Prince’s corpse. The soldiers all cried greatly. Then taking the wife of Imperial Prince Okusaka, Princess Nakashia was placed into the palace and made a consort. Then the Emperor took Imperial Princess Hatabi and gave her to Imperial Prince Ohatsuse. This year was 454.
Death of the Emperor
Second year, spring, first month. On the 17th day, Princess Nakashia was made Empress, the Emperor loved her. Previously Princess Nakashia had given birth to Prince Mayuwa by Imperial Prince Kusaka [Okusaka]. Because of his mother he escaped punishment, and he was raised in the palace.
3rd year, autumn, eighth month. On the ninth day, the Emperor was killed by Prince Mayuwa. This is told in detail in the Record of Emperor Ohatsuse.
After three years, they buried the Emperor in the Tomb of Sugawara no Fushimi.