Rebellion of Prince Hoshikawa and Accession of Emperor Seinei
Emperor Shirakano Takehirokuni Oshiwakaya Matoneoko [Seinei] was the third child of Emperor Ohatsuse Wakatakeru [Yuryaku]. His mother was called Princess Kazuraki no Kara.
The Emperor was born with white hair, and when he became an adult he loved the people. Of all of Emperor Ohatsuse’s children, he was especially miraculous. In year 22, he became crown prince. In the eighth month of year 23, Emperor Ohatsuse died. Princess Kibi no Waka secretly told the young Imperial Prince Hoshikawa, “If you want to succeed to the realm, first take up administration of the treasury.” Her oldest child, Imperial Prince Iwaki, heard the words of instruction his mother said to this young child, saying, “The crown prince, although he is my younger brother, how can we deceive him? This cannot come to pass.” Imperial Prince Hoshikawa was not virtuous, and lightly followed his mother’s intentions, and eventually took control of the treasury, and barricaded its outer gate, and prepared for attack, and desiring more power, used the things of the administration.
Then Senior General Otomo Muroya told Yamato no Aya no Tsuka no Atai, “As it said in Emperor Ohatsuse’s will, now those things are coming to pass. We should follow the will, and serve the crown prince.” Then he raised the army and surrounded the treasury. Denying passage through to outside, they set fire and burned them to death. At that time, Princess Kibi no Waka, Imperial Prince Iwaki’s cousian E-kimi, and Ki no Okasaki no Kume (names unknown) adhered to Imperial Prince Hoshikawa and were burned to death.
Then the Agata-nushi of Kawachi, Mino, called One, tremebled in fear, and avoiding the fire escaped outwards, and embraced the legs of Kusakabe no Kishi Ayahiko, and sought appeal to for his life from Senior General Otomo Muroya, saying, “That your slave, Agata-nushi Ono, served Imperial Prince Hoshikawa is truth. However, neither did he betray the crown prince. I beg you have great mercy on me, and spare my life.” Ayahiko truly reported this to Senior General Otomo, who did not punish him.
Then, One, through Ayahiko, told the Senior General, “Senior General Otomo, my lord, has bestowed great benevolence and pity, and the shortness of my life that was so pressed has obtained extension, and I can see the color of the sun.” Then he gave took 10 cho from the village of Kume, Oihe, in Naniwa, and gave the rice fields to the Senior General. Also he gave rice fields to Ayahiko, and repaid his debt of gratitude.
That month, Kibi no Kamitsumichi no Omi and others heard of rebellion in the court, and thought to save this child born Imperial Prince Hoshikawa, and led a navy of 40 ships, and came floating upon the sea. Then they heard that he had been burned to death, and on their own returned to the sea. The Emperor dispatched messengers who blamed the Kamitsumichi no Omi and others, and took away the yama-be which they controlled.
Winter, tenth month. On the fourth day, Senior General Otomo no Muroya led the omi and muraji and presented the royal signet to the crown prince.
First year, spring, first month. On the 15th day, by imperial decree, a stage was made in Iware no Mikakuri, and the crown prince became Emperor. Here his palace was set. Princess Kazuraki no Kara was honored with the title of Grand Consort. Senior General Otomo no Muroya was made Senior General and Senior Minister Heguri no Matori was made Senior Minister, as they were before. The omi, muraji, tomo no miyatsuko, and others each worked at their respective ranks.
Winter, 10th month. On the ninth day, they buried Emperor Ohatsuse at Tajihi no Takawashi no Hara tomb. At that time, the hayato wept at the tomb, and though they received food they did not eat, and they died after seven days. By imperial decree their tomb was made north of the other tomb, and they was buried there according to ceremony. This year was 480.
Establishment of Heirs
Second year, second month. The Emperor thought it unfortunate that he had no children. He dispatched Senior General Otomo no Muroya to the myriad countries and established the palace servants [toneri] of Shirakabe, the stewards [kashiwade] of Shirakabe, and the bath attendents [yukei] of Shirakabe. He hoped to leave traces which would be seen by future generations.
Winter, 11th month. To get goods for the feast of first fruits, the Emperor dispatched to Harima the ancestor of Yamabe no Muraji, Iyo no Kume-be no Odate. In the district of Akashi, at the miyake of Shijimi, at the newly-built house of the guardian Oshinumibe no Miyatsuko Hosome, he saw the children of Imperial Prince Ichi no Be no Oshiwa, Oke and Oke. He respectfully took both of them in his arms and thought of them as his lord, and attended respectfully to their nurture, and gave them his own private things. Then he built a humble palace, and in exchange lived in it himself, and mounted a fast horse to report this to the Emperor.
The Emperor was shocked at this and sighed, and disconsolate he said, “Wonderful! Great! Heaven has bestowed great love upon us, and given us two children.”
That month, he sent Odate a token of authority, and made him lead the servants who were attending on him, and they went to Akashi to meet them. This is told in the Record of Emperor Oke [Kenzo).
Third year, spring, first month. On the first day, Odate and the others serving Oke and Oke arrived in Settsu. The omi and muraji received tokens of authority and were made to take the King’s palaquin, the Mikuruma, to escort them into the palace.
Summer, fourth month. On the seventh day, Prince Oke [Ninken] was made crown prince, and Prince Oke [Kenzo] was made Imperial Prince.
Death of the Emperor
Autumn, seventh month. At the Palace of Tsunosashi, Imperial Princess Iidoyo had her first sexual experience. She told other people, “I have just once learned the ways of womanhood, but nothing has changed. I do not wish to have sex with a man ever again.” (It is not known if she had a husband at this time).
Ninth month. On the second day, the omi and muraji were dispatched to take an inspection tour of the manners and customs of the people.
Winter, tenth month. On the fourth day, an Imperial edict said, “Dogs, horses, and other playthings may not be submitted to the Emperor.”
11th month. On the 18th day, the omi and muraji were summoned to a banquet in the great courtyard, and received silk and cloth. All took their allotments to the exhausting of their power and left. That month, foreign countries dispatched emissaries who offered up tribute.
Fourth year, spring, first month. On the seventh day, the emissaries were invited to a banquet in the court, and they received things, each of different value.
Summer, intercalary fifth month. There was heavy drinking for five days.
Autumn, eighth month. On the seventh day, the Emperor himself recorded [Williams – Release] the convicts. That day, the Emishi and Hayahito together paid homage.
Ninth month. On the first day, the Emperor went out to the shooting range, and proclaimed that the public officials and foreign emissaries shoot. He awarded them things in different amounts.
Fifth year, spring, first month. On the 16th day, the Emperor died in his palace. He was very old.
Winter, 11th month. On the ninth day, he was buried in Kawachi no Sakato no Hara Tomb.
Escape of Emperors Kenzo and Ninken
Emperor Oke [Kenzo], also called Kume no Wakago, was the grandson of Emperor Oe no Izahowake [Richu]. His mother was called Princess Hae (Hae is read ha-e, 波曳). The Kabanetsuide no Fumi says, “Imperial Prince Ichi no Be no Oshiiwa married the daughter of Ari no Omi, Princess Hae. She gave birth to three boys and two girls. The first was called Imperial Princess Inatsu. The second was called Imperial Prince Oke, also called Shima no Wakago, also known as Impreial Prince Oshi. The third was Imperial Prince Oke, also called Kume no Wakago. The fourth was called Imperial Princess Iidoyono, also called Imperial Princess Ochinumibe. The fifth was Imperial Prince Tachibana. By one written account, Imperial Princess Iiyodo was born before Imperial Prince Oke, and Ari no Omi was the child of Hada no Sukune.
The Emperor lived for a long time near the borderlands, and knew completely the difficulties of the people, and often saw the crookedness, and suffered as if his body had been thrown into a ditch. He spread virtue and enacted blessing, the administration worked properly, he saved the poor and cultivated the widowed, and he loved the realm and adhered to it.
In the third year, tenth month of Emperor Anaho [Anko], the Emperor’s father, Imperial Prince Ichi no Be no Oshiiwa and Toneri no Saekibe no Nakachiko were in Kayano, and were killed by Emperor Ohatsuse [Yuryaku]. The two of them were buried in the same hole. When the Emperor and Prince Oke heard their father been shot to death, they were angry and fled together, and vanished from sight. Toneri no Kusakabe no Muraji Omi (Omi was Kusakabe’s name. It is read Omi) and Atahiko (atahiko was his child) secretly attended to the Emperor and Prince Oke, and evacuated them to Tamba, to the district of Yoza. Omi eventually changed his name to Tatoku. But still he feared being put to death, and fled to Mt. Shijimi in Iwaya, in the country of Harima, where he strangled himself.
The Emperor [Kenzo] didn’t know where Omi had escaped to, and urged his older brother Prince Oke [later Emperor Ninken] to move toward the district of Akashi in Harima, and they changed their names to Taniha no Warawa. When they arrived, they served the guardian of the miyake of Shijimi, called Oshinumibe no Miyatsuko Hosome. When they arrived there Atahiko never left them, and was their devoted vassal.
Discovery of Emperors Kenzo and Ninken
In the second year, winter, eleventh month of Emperor Shiraka [Seinei], the governor of Harima, the ancestor of Yama no Be no Muraji, Iyo no Kume-be no Odate, was in the district of Akashi, and was handling the products for the feast of first fruits. By one account, he was going around all the districts and prefectures and collecting the rice taxes. By chance, when he met the guardian of the miyake of Shijimi, it was a banquet for his new house, which went through the night and carried on to the day.
Then the Emperor [Kenzo] told his older brother Prince Oke [Ninken], “Since we avoided the rebellion, now many years have passed. If we are to show our names and royal status, tonight is the night.” Then Prince Oke said with deep compassion, “If you say that yourself, we will be killed: how can you avoid disaster?”
The Emperor said, “We are the grandsons of Emperor Izahowake [Richu]. But now we suffer as servants of another man, and raise his cows and horses – so what if we make our true names known and meet with disaster?” Then they embraced each other and cried, and they could not stop crying.
Then Prince Oke said, “If that’s the case, no one can do a better job of making this clear than my younger brother.”
The Emperor then said, “I am not so gifted, how can I dare to speak of great deeds of virtue?”
Then Prince Oke said, “My younger brother is gifted, wise, and virtuous, and there are none who surpass him.”
Like this the two of them continued deferring to each other without end, and the result was that the Emperor was convinced to make the statement, and went outside the house, and sat at the foot of the table. The guardian of the miyake ordered him to set next to the lamp, and shine the light to the left and the right.
They drank late into the night, then the dances were ending when the guardian of the miyake said to Odate, “You see the ones shining the light, they exalt other people while lowering themselves, let others go first and themselves go after, are respectful and compliant with principle, (compliant with principle means is the same as hashiru, aishitagau, todomaru). One can say they are men of standing.”
Then Odate strummed his harp and ordered the ones with the lamp, saying, “Stand and dance.”
Then, the brothers each deferred to each other, and each did not get up for a long time. Odate said approvingly, “What’s taking so long? Hurry up and dance!” Then Prince Oke [Ninken] stood up and danced to the finish. The Emperor [Kenzo] next stood, adjusted his clothes, and said the blessing for the new house,
“blah blah blah.”
When the blessing was finished, they joined it with a song, singing, “blah blah blah.”
Then Odate said, “How splendid, I want to hear it again.” The Emperor at last did a Tatsuzu dance (of old this was called tatsuzu. Tatsuzu is read ta-tsu-zu, 陀豆豆. The form of the dance can be done either sitting or standing.) Then he said, “blah blah blah.”
Odate was deeply suspicious, so he made him sing again. Then the Emperor said “blah blah blah.”
Odate was shocked and left his seat, and angry with himself for his lack of respect, bowed repeatedly. Submitting himself and his possessions, he led the others in respectfully prostrating themselves. At that time, they raised all the people of the district and build a palace. Not one day later the princes were temporarily made to live there.
He reported back to the capital and requested to deliver the two princes. Emperor Shiraka [Seinei] heard this and said with great delight, “I have no children, so I will make them succeed.” With the Senior Minister and Senior General they held conference in the palace. Then they sent a sign of authority to the governor of Harima, Kume-be no Odate, and set servants at his left and right, and he went to Akashi to pick up the two princes.
Welcoming and Establishment of Imperial Heirs
Third year of Emperor Shiraka, spring, first month. The Emperor, according to Prince Oke, arrived in the country of Settsu, and made the omi and muraji, with a token of authority, use the Emperor’s carriage, the mikuruma, and bring the princes into the palace.
Summer, fourth month. Prince Oke [Ninken] was made crown prince, and Prince Oke [Kenzo] Imperial Prince.
Death of Seinei, Administration of Princess Iidoyo no Ao
Fifth year, spring, first month. Emperor Shiraka died.
That month, crown prince Oke [later Emperor Ninken] conceded the throne, and for a long time was absent.
Therefore the [former] Emperor’s elder sister Imperial Princess Iidoyo no Ao, from the palace of Oshinumi no Tsu no Sashi, attended the court and presided over administration, and titled herself Oshinumi no Iidoyo no Ao no Mikoto. At that time a poet made a song, saying, “blah blah blah.”
Winter, 11th month. Iidoyo no Ao no Mikoto died. She was buried in Kazuraki no Hanikuchi no Oka Tomb.
12th month. All the officials were in attendance. The crown prince took the Imperial Seal and set himself in the Imperial seat, and all bowing again and again all the officials took their seats. The Emperor then said, “This Imperial seat should be taken by someone of great deeds. The revelation of my high standing was all the plan of my younger brother.” Then he resigned the realm to the Emperor [Kenzo].
The Emperor in turn deferred, as he was the younger brother and did not dare take up the throne. Also Emperor Shiraka had previously wanted the older brother to succeed to the throne, and made him crown prince, so the Emperor positively declined, saying, “When the sun or moon rises, if you make a fire, is its light not troubling? When rain falls, if you work to irrigate the field, is not fatigue the only result? The younger brother is esteemed for serving the older, planning to help him avoid trouble, making his virtue shine, resolving his disputes, and not taking his place. If he were to take his place, the younger brother would lose the rite of his brotherly role. I cannot bear to take that place. The older brother loves the younger, and the younger esteems the older – this is the unchanging truth. We hear it from all the elders, how can I alone take it so lightly?”
Then crown prince Oke said, “Emperor Shiraka, because I am the older brother, for ruling the realm, first charged me. I was disgraced by this. However it was you who made for our effective escape, and all who hear of it sigh in admiration. When you made clear that we were the descendants of an emperor, the onlookers cried tears. The worrying ministers will gladly shoulder the burden of heaven, the pitiful black-haired people will think it fortunate that they could set foot on the earth. Thereby the the four directions will be hardened, and forever, for 10,000 generations, the country will be prosperous, your deeds will be next to creation itself, and your plans will shine throughout the earth. How wonderful, how far-reaching. There is nothing more to say. Therefore, although I am the elder, how can I take the place first? If I accede without merit, error and regret will certainly follow. I hear, ‘The imperial seat can not long remain absent, nor heaven’s order declined out of humility. Make the granaries your thought and the people your heart.” While speaking he was overcome with emotion and shed tears.
The Emperor, while having had no intention of succeeding, could not go against his brother’s wishes and understood. However, he could not accede to the throne. The people of the world heard of this truthful deference and said, “How beautiful, brothers old and young in harmony, returning virtue to the realm. Genuine family relations make the people benevolent.
Accession of Emperor Kenzo
First year, spring, first month. On the first day, the Senior Minister and Senior General together said, “Crown Prince Oke’s [Ninken's] virtue has been made clear, yet you have declined rule of the realm. Your majesty represents tradition. Should you attend to the line of emperors and become ruler of the realm, continuing the eternal line of imperial ancestors, then the upper will have the heart of heaven, and the lower will grant the wishes of the people. Yet you will not consent to stepping on the throne, therefore the wishes of the ministers of the country of gold and silver, far and near, are lost. Heaven charged you with the realm, and the crown prince has deferred to you. Your virtue has peaked, and good fortune made clear. When you were young you were diligent, humble, respectful and benevolent. You should follow your older brother’s order, and receive the great task.”
Then he said, “OK.”
Immediately the ministers and public officials were summoned to Chikatsu-Asuka to Yatsuri palace, and the Emperor succeeded to the throne. All the bureaucrats and other functionaries were delighted.
By one written record, Emperor Oke had two palaces. One was at Ano, and the other was at Ikeno. Also in another book, he had a palace in Mikakuri.
That month, Imperial Princess Naniwa no Ono was made Empress, and pardons were issued in the Empire. Imperial Princess Naniwa no Ono was the great-granddaughter of Emperor Oasadzumawakago no Sukune [Ingyo], the granddaughter of Iwaki no O, the daughter of Imperial Prince Okawakago].
Grave of the Emperor's Father
Second month. On the fifth day, the Emperor proclaimed, “The late prince (Ichi no Be no Oshiwake) met with many misfortunes, and perished in the uncultivated wilderness. I was then young, and escaped, and hid myself. Arbitrarily we were sought after and welcomed, and I was raised up to accept the great endeavor. Search extensively for the late prince’s bones, is there not someone who knows where they are?” When his proclamation finished, he and the Crown Prince Oke [later Emperor Ninken] cried and wailed, and could not master themselves.
That month, he summoned and collected all the elderly, and the Emperor asked them all individually. There was one old woman who said, “Okime knows where the bones are buried, and I will show you where.” Okime was the old woman’s name. “ The ancestor of the Kimi of Omi, Sasaki Yama, called Yamato Fukuro no Sukune, his older sister was called Okime. This can be seen below. Then the Emperor and crown prince Oke, with the old woman, visited the country of Omi, to Kutawata no Kaya, and dug up and looked, and the result was as the old woman had said.
They looked in the hole and were saddened, and spoke deeply moving words. Up to this point, they had never known such a thing as this. Nakago’s corpse was mixed with the Prince’s bones, and they could not figure out which was which. Then Imperial Prince Iwasaka’s wet nurse said, “Nakago’s upper teeth had fallen out, by that you can separate the two.” Then as the wet nurse consulted they separated the skulls, but could not do so with the trunks and limbs of the corpses. Therefore at Kayano they built a pair of tombs, each like the other, and there was nor any difference in the funeral ceremonies. Then the Emperor ordered that the old woman Okime be made to live near the palace, and showing respect and granting pity, made sure she lived without poverty.
That month, the Emperor said, “The old woman, you are emaciated and weak, and walking is not convenient for you. I will have a rope stretched so that by grasping it you can go in and out. And bell will be attached to the end of the rope, so there will be no need for anyone to announce you, and when you enter, ring the bell. Then I will know you have arrived.” The old woman received the proclamation, and rang the bell, and came forth. The Emperor heard the bell from far away and sang, “blah blah blah.”
Rewarding of Odate and Treason of Karafukuro
Third month. On the third day, the Emperor went out to the Misono and had the banquet of Megurimizu.
Summer, fourth month. On the 11th day, the Emperor proclaimed, “Generally the ruler motivates the people by granting them authority, and makes the state prosperous by rewarding achievement. The former governor of Harima, Kume ne no Odate, also called Iwadate, has come to meet me, and his achievements are great. Odate, tell me your wish, and do not hold back.”
Odate thankfully said, “I wish for charge of the mountains [Yama no Tsukasa].” Then he was charged as Yama no Tsukasa, and granted the title Yamabe no Muraji, and Kibi no Omi was made his second in command, and made the Yamamori-be his people. Commendation was good and endeavor made manifest, reward and blessing were rich, favor was specially given, and no one could match his wealth.
Fifth month. Sasaki no Yama no Kimi Karafukuro no Sukune was implicated in plotting treason and the murder of Imperial Prince Oshiiwa (Ichi no Be no Oshiiwa). When he was about to be put to death, he kowtowed and his words were especially pitiable. The Emperor could not bear to kill him, and gave him charge of the tombs along with protection of the mountain. His name was removed from the registers and he was made to serve the Yamabe no Muraji. Then because of the deeds of his younger sister Yamato Fukuro no Sukune, he was granted his former title of Sasakiyama no Kimi no Uji.
Sixth month. The Emperor visited his summer palace, and had music played, and assembled the myriad ministers, and had a feast. The year was 487.
The Emperor is Convinced Against Revenge
Second year, spring, third month. On the third day, the Emperor went out to Misono and had the feast of Megurimizu. At that time, he assembled the ministers, omi, muraji, kuni no miyatsuko, and tomo no miyatusko and had a banquet. The myriad ministers said over and over, “Banzai!”
Autumn, eighth month. On the first day, the Emperor said to Crown Prince Oke, “Our father the previous prince was innocent, and Emperor Ohatsuse [Yuryaku] had him shot and his bones discarded in a field, and we still have not gotten his bones. This indignance fills my heart, and I kneel and cry, and scream while walking, and want to wipe away this shame. I heard, ‘Do not support the realm that is the enemy of your father, nor lay down your arms with the enemy of your brother, nor dwell in the same country as the enemy of your friend.’ The son of a commoner, with the enemy of his parents, sleeps on straw matting and makes his shield his pillow, and will not live in the same country, and if he meets his enemy in the markets, does not discard his arms but instead fights. Since I became the son of heaven, two years have passed. I wish to destroy his tomb, break his bones, and scatter them about. Now this is a kind of revenge, but is it not also filial piety?”
Imperial Prince Oke was sobbing and could not reply at first, then remonstrating he said, “You can’t. Emperor Ohatsuse carried on the imperial line and took charge of state affairs, and radiated the realm. The one whom the people happily looked up to was the body of this Emperor. Our father the previous prince, although he was the son of an Emperor, met with problems and could not acceed to the throne. Seeing it like this, the Emperor’s position was different from that of the late prince. If you can bear to destroy his tomb, who, as the lord of the people, can demonstrate the miracles of heaven? As for why you cannot destroy the tomb, this is the first reason. Also, if the Emperor and Oke [myself] had not met with the deep favor and benevolence of Emperor Shiraka [Seinei], how could you have come to the throne? Emperor Ohatsuse was the father of Emperor Shiraka. Oke (I) have heard the all the elders’ wisdom, which is ‘Without words there can be no recompense, without virtue no revenge.’ If gratitude is without repayment, it means the loss of our deepest customs. The ruler feasts the country, and his acts of virtue are widely heard in the realm. If you destroy the tomb, your flipping over is seen in your progency [the realm], and Oke [I] fear that you cannot manage the country and its people. This is the second reason that you must not destroy it.
The Emperor said, “Indeed” and ordered the endeavor abandoned.
Ninth month. Okime was troubled with age, and wished to return to her country, saying, “My strength and spirit have weakend and passed, and old age has made me senile and exhausted. Even if I grip the rope, I cannot walk. I wish to return to my home, until the end comes.”
The Emperor heard this, and was saddened, and gave her something in 10,000 sections, and was hurt they would be separated, and that they could not meet again. Then he gave her a song, saying, “blah blah blah.”
Winter, tenth month. On the sixth day, there was a feast for the myriad ministers. At that time the realm was pacified, and the people were not made to do compulsory labor, the harvest was greater than other years, the people were rich, and rice sold for one silver coin, and horses were thick in the fields.
Dispatch to Gaya and Death of the Emperor
Third year, spring, second month. On the first day, Ahe no Omi Kotoshiro received an order and was sent to Gaya. At that time, the god of the moon showed himself to people and said, “My ancestor Takami Musubi no Mikoto entrusted me with creating land. The people and land ought be offered to me, the moon good. If you do as I instruct, there will be good fortune and celebration.”
Kotoshiro therefore returned to the capital and reported this, and the Utaarasu rice fields were offered to the moon god. Utaarasu was in the country of Yamashiro, in the district of Kazurano. The ancestor of the Agata-nushi of Iki, Oshimi no Sukune, was to attend to the sacrifices.
Third month. On the third day, the Emperor visited Misono and had the banquet of Megurimizu.
Summer, fourth month. On the fifth day, the sun god manifested to men and said to Ahe no Omi Kotoshiro, “Offer up Iware to my ancestor Takami Musubi no Mikoto.”Kotoshiro again reported this, and thereby the god was offered 44 cho of rice fields. The Atai of Tsushima, Shimotsu-agata was charged with the sacrifices. On the 13th day, The Sakikusa-be was established. On the 25th day, the Emperor died at Yatsuri palace.
That year, Ki no Oiwa no Sukune traveled all over Gaya establishing bases, and had communication with Goguryeo. To become the king of the three kingdoms of Korea on the west, he established a government and declared himself a god. Using Saru and Nakata-Kohai in Gaya for his plan, he killed Jeok Maki of Baekje in Nirimu. Nirimu is in Goguryeo. He built a mountain castle, and blocked and held the road to the East, cut off the ports used for transporting provisions, and threatened the army with starvation.
The King of Baekje was very angry, and dispatched Konige with the Interior Head Makukoge to lead soldiers. They made for Shitoromoro and attacked.
At that time, Ki no Oiwa no Sukune led his army and counter-attacked, his troops were overflowing with spirit, and wherever they turned all the enemy’s lines were broken, one man for every 100 enemies. After a while, their power was exhausted, and they knew they could not win, and Ki no Oiwa no Sukune came back from Gaya. Therefore the King of Baekje killed over 300 people of Saru and Nakata-Kohai.
Accession of Emperor Ninken
Emperor Oke’s posthumous name was Oshi (or Osu. That this Emperor’s postumous name only, and not those of other Emperors, is recorded, is due to ancient sources). His azana [nickname] was Shima no Iratsuko, and he was the older brother of Emperor Oke by the same mother. From a young age he was clever, his ability quick, and he knew many things. When he was older he was benevolent, humble, merciful, and charitable. When Emperor Anaho [Anko] died, he fled to the country of Tamba, to the district of Yoza.
First year of Emperor Shiraka, winter, 11th month. Odate, Yamabe no Muraji and the governor of Harima reported to the capital that he had found the princes. Emperor Shiraka then dispatched Odate with a token of authority and servants on his left and right, to Akashi to pick up the princes.
Second year, summer, fourth month. Emperor Oke [Ninken] was made crown prince. This is written in detail in the Record of Oke [Kenzo]).
Fifth year. Emperor Shiraka died. The Emperor [Ninken] deferred the realm to Emperor Oke [Kenzo]. He [Ninken] became crown prince. This event is written in detail in the scroll of Oke [Kenzo].
Third year, summer, fourth month. Emperor Oke [Kenzo] died.
First year, spring, first month. On the fifth day, the crown prince succeeded to the throne at Iso no Kami no Hirotaka Palace. One book says, Prince Oke had two palaces. One was in Kawamura, and the other was in Shijimi. A pillar from this palace is still standing and does not rot.
Establishment of Empress and Consorts
Second month. On the second day, she who was previously his consort, Imperial Princess Kasuga no Oiratsume, became Empress (Kasuga Oiratsume was the one born of Emperor Ohatsuse’s [Yuryaku's] wife, the daughter of the Omi of Wani Fukame, called Ominagimi). She gave birth to one boy and six girls. The first was called Imperial Princess Takahashi no Oiratsume. The second was called Imperial Princess Asazuma. The third was called Impreial Princess Teshiraka. The fourth was called Impreial Princess Kusubi. The fifth was called Imperial Princess Tachibana. The sixth was Emperor Ohatsuse no Wakasazaki [Buretsu]. When he acceeded to the throne, he made his capital at Namiki in Hatsuse. The seventh was called Imperial Princess Mawaka. (By one wrtten record, Imperial Princess Kusubi was number three, and Imperial Princess Teshiraka was number four – the order is different).
Next, the daughter of the Omi of Wani Hitsume, called Arakimi no Iratsume, gave birth to one girl. She was called Imperial Princess Kasuga no Yamada. By one written record, the daughter of the Omi of Wani Hifure, called Oara no Iratsume, gave birth to one girl. She was Imperial Princess Yamada no Oiratsume. Another name was Imperial Princess Akami. The records are different, but there is only one truth.
Winter, tenth month. On the third day, they buried Emperor Oke [Kenzo] at Kataoka no Iwatsuki no Oka Tomb. The year was 488.
Suicide of the Previous Empress
Second year, autumn, ninth month. Empress Naniwa no Ono had previously been disrespectful to the Emperor and commited suicide.
During the period of the previous Emperor Oke [Kenzo], Crown Prince Oke [Ninken] had planned to wait upon a banquet. He took a melon to eat, but had no knife. Then Emperor Oke took his own knife and ordering his wife Ono passed it to her. At that time she was before the crown prince, and while still standing placed the knife on the plate of the melon.
That day, she poured wine and, while still standing, called the crown prince to drink. Because of that disrespect, she feared being executed and killed herself.
Third year, spring, second month. On the first day, the Isokami-be palace servants were established.
Fourth year, summer, fifth month. Ikuha no Omi Kashima and Hohe no Kimi (he is read he, 倍) commited a crime, were imprisoned, and died.
Fifth year, spring, second month. On the fifth day, a search of the countries and districts for the previously dispersed Saeki-be was made.The descendent of Saeki-be no Nakachiko was made Saeki no Miyatsuko (Saeki no Nakachiko’s events are recorded in the record of Emperor Oke [Kenzo]).
Complicated Family Relations
Sixth year, autumn, ninth month. On the fourth day, the Emperor dispatched Hitaka no Kishi to Goguryeo to summon skilled workers. That autumn, after Hitaka no Kishi had been dispatched as a messenger, there was a woman who lived in Naniwa, in Kusahara (mitsu-aston harbor?), who cried, “As an older brother to my mother, and as an older brother to me, my young husband has gone to a distant place.” (Her words as a brother to my mother, as a brother to me, these are read Omo ni mo se, are ni mo se. Her words my young husband are read, Agatsuma Haya. Young is, of old meant wife, but here means husband). Her cries were extremely pitiable, and made people feel thoughts of heartbreak.
The man Kakaso of Hishiki village (Kakaso was his name. It was customary to call one’s father Kaso) heard this and turned to her and asked, “Why are your cries so filled with sadness?”
The woman replied, “Try thinking autumn onions in pair.” (pair means two).
Then Kaso said, “I see.” He understood those words.
At the time other people did not understand her meaning and asked, “What does it mean?”
He said, “Naniwa no Tamasuri-be no Funame (read fu-na-me, 浮儺謎) married Karamanohatake (read ka-ra-me-no-ha-ta-ke, 柯羅摩能波陀該. Hatake means a field where wheat is cultivated) and they had a daughter, called Nakume (read na-ku-me, 儺倶謎). Nakume married a man of Sumuchi, called Yamaki, and gave birth to a daughter, Akutame. Karamanohatake and Nakume both died, and Yamaki, the man of Sumuchi, raped his mother-in-law Tamasuri-be no Funame, and she gave birth to Araki. Araki then married Akutame. Then, Araki, in attendance on Hitaka no Kishi, left for Koma. For that reason, this woman Akutame hesistated in loving her husband, and her heart is in despair, so the sound of her cries are sharp, and make one’s heart break.
Tamasuri-be no Funame and Karamanohatake were husband and wife and gave birth to Nakume. The man of Sumuchi Yamaki married Nakume and gave birth to Akutame. Yamaki’s father in law Karamanohatake and his daughter Nakume both died. Then the man of Sumuchi Yamaki eloped with his wife’s mother Tamasuri-be no Funame, and gave birth to Araki. Araki married Akutame.
According to one book, Tamasuri-be no Funame with Karamanohatake had previously given birth to Nakume. Then afterwards with the man of Sumuchi Yamaki she gave birth to Araki. Nakume and Araki are siblings of different fathers, therefore Nakume’s daughter Akutame called Araki, saying, ‘He is the older brother of my mother.’ Nakume married Yamaki and gave birth to Akume. Yamaki also had lewd relations with Funame and she gave birth to Araki. Therefore Akutame and Araki are siblings of different mothers, therefore Akutame cried to Araki, saying, ‘He is an older brother to me.’ In the past, there were no words to distinguish older and younger siblings, and women called their husbands with the word for older brother ‘se,’ while men called the wives with the word for older sister ‘imo.’ That’s why she said, ‘He is an older brother to my mother, and an older brother (husband) to me.’”
Death of the Emperor
That year, Hitaka no Kishi returned from Goguryeo, and offered up the craftsman Suruki and Nuruki. Now in the country of Yamato, in the district of Yamabe, village of Nukata, the tanners of Koma are their descendents.
Seventh year, spring, first month. On the third day, Ohatsuse no Wakasazaki no Mikoto [Buretsu] was made crown prince.
Eighth year, winter, tenth month. The people said, “Now in the country nothing is happening, and the administration is working, and there is benevolence in within the seas (in the realm), and the people safely labor.” That year, the five grains were overflowing, the silkworms, the wheat was well harvested, near and far there was peace, and the population increased.
11th year, autumn, eighth month. On the eighth day, the Emperor died in his bedchamber.
Winter, tenth month. On the fifth day, he was buried at Haniu no Sakamoto Tomb.
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