Failure to Appoint Prince Yamatohiko to the Throne
Emperor Ohodo [Keitai](also called Hikofuto no Mikoto) was the fifth-generation descendent of Emperor Homuta [Ojin], the son of Prince Hikoushi. His mother was called Princess Furu. She was the seventh-generation descendent of Emperor Ikume [Sujin]. The Emperor’s father heard that Princess Furu was very beautiful and dispatched a messenger from his villa in the country of Omi in the district of Takashima. The messenger met with Mikuni no Sakanai (Na is read na,那) and she became his wife; eventually she gave birth to the Emperor.
When the Emperor was young, his father the prince died. Princess Furu sighed and said, “I am now far away from my homeland; how could I nurture him here? I will return to Takamuka (Takamuka was the name of a village in Echizen) and there I will bring up the Emperor.” When the Emperor was grown, he loved the gentry and respected the learned, and his mind was liberal.
When the Emperor [Buretsu] was 57, in the eighth year of his reign, winter, in the 12th month on the 8th day, [Emperor Ohatsuse] died. At the time he had no sons or daughters who could carry on and succeed him. On the 21st day, Senior General Otomo no Kanamura held counsel and said, “Now there is no one to carry on the succession, what will unite the heart of the realm? In the past, the issue of succession always gave rise to disaster. Now the fifth-generation descendent of Emperor Tarashinakatsuhiko [Chuai] is in the country of Taniwa, in the district of Kunikuwata. Let us try preparing soldiers and have them come to surround and protect his carriage, and go to meet him, and establish him as the ruler.” The Senior General and Senior Minister agreed to go along with it and went to meet him as planned.
Then, Prince Yamatohiko saw the soldiers approaching from far off, and was afraid and went pale, and hid himself in the mountains, and it was unknown where he went.
Agreement to Appoint Prince Ohodo to the Throne
First year, spring, first month. On the fourth day, Senior General Otomo no Kanamura again held counsel and said, “Prince Ohodo’s character is benevolent and he is filialy pious, and he can receive the end of heaven’s thread, and carefully and zealously I recommend him to continue the imperial endeavor.”
Senior General Mononobe no Arakahi and Senior Minister Kose no Omi Ohito agreed, saying, “Of the branches of the imperial descendent's, only Prince Ohodo is wise.” On the sixth day, the omi and muraji were dispatched with a token of authority, and they prepared a carriage and went to meet him in Mikuni. Soldiers came to guard him, and their figure was excellent, and they cleared the way before them spurring on their horses and arrived shortly. Then, Emperor Ohodo was peaceful and sat on a chair, and had his retainers form lines, as if he were already in the seat of the Emperor. The messengers with the token therefore respectfully shrank in fear, and with overflowing heart entrusted themselves him, and wished for full fidelity in him. However the Emperor had doubt in the back of his mind, and for a long time would not comply.
By chance he learned that Kochi no Umakai no Obito Arako had secretly sent a messenger to the Emperor to explained the details, i.e. that the Senior Minister and Senior Generals truly intended to welcome him. The Emperor then stayed for two days and three nights and eventually set out, and he heaved a sigh of relief, saying, “Thank god for Umakai no Ombito. If he hadn’t sent that messenger to tell me what was going on, the whole realm would have laughed at me.” When people say, ‘You can’t judge people as high or low, only value their heart,’ they are referring to people like Arako.” When he stepped up to the throne, he especially favored Arako. On the 12th day, the Emperor arrived at Kusuha Palace.
Accession of Emperor Keitai
Second month. On the fourth day, Senior Minister Otomo no Kanamura knelt and presented the Emperor with the mirror, shield, and stamp and repeatedly bowed.
Emperor Ohodo then said while declining them, “Ruling the country as if the people were one’s own children is very important. I have no special talent, and am not sufficient in merit. I want you to think over this again. Select a wise man, for I do not dare to accept.”
Senior General Otomo no Kanamura prostrated himself on the ground and requested again. Emperor Ohodo faced the west and declined three times, then faced the south and declined again. Senior General Otomo and the others all said, “We wish to serve you, for is it most proper that the ruler govern the country as if it were his child. We all did not make this request for the reverence of the court half-heartedly. We beg you, hear the people’s request.”
Emperor Ohodo said, “The Senior Minister, Senior Generals, upper ministers, and all the public servants completely recommend me, I dare not reject them.” Then he received the imperial stamp. That day, he became the Emperor. As before Senior General Otomo no Kanamura was Senior General, Senior Minister Kose no Ohito was Senior Minister, and Senior General Mononobe no Arakahi was Senior General. The Senior Minister and Senior Generals each performed their respective functions.
Establishment of Empress and Consorts
On the 10th day, Senior General Otomo no Kanamura said to the Emperor, “I hear that in the rule of past kings, when there was no set succession, they could not suppress (rule) the heaven and earth, nor without taking in the intimacy of the halls, they could not carry on support the flower’s stem [without a empress, there can be no succession]. Therefore, Emperor Shiraka had no heir, and dispatched my ancestor Senior General Otomo no Muroya to go to all the countries and establish three kinds of Shiraka-be (the three types were first the Shiraka-be palace servants [toneri], second the Shiraka-be stewards [kashiwade], and third the Shiraka-be bath attendants [yukei]), so that the Emperor’s name would be remembered by future generations. Alas, how sad! Why not take Imperial Princess Tashiraka [daughter of Emperor Ninken] as Empress, and dispatch the men of the bureau of Shinto affairs to venerate the gods and seek an imperial son, thus granting the people’s wish?”
The Emperor said, “OK.”
Third month. On the first day, the Emperor proclaimed, “The gods must be worshiped by the Shinto priests, and the leige must rule over the realm. Heaven gives birth to the many people, establishes a ruler, and aids in nourishment, and thereby that true nature, heaven’s mandate, is fulfilled. The Senior General is worried that I have no son, and shown his loyalty to the state through the generations. How can this be only for my own days? Ceremonies should be prepared, and Imperial Princess Tashiraka to meet me.” On the fifth day, Imperial Princess Tashiraka was made Empress and set inside the palace. She eventually gave birth to a son. He was called Amekuni Oshiharaki Hironi no Mikoto [Kimmei]. Haraki is read ha-ra-ki, 波羅企. He was the official heir, but young. Therefore he ruled after his two elder brothers. His two older brothers were Hirokuni Oshitake Kanahi no Mikoto [Ankan] and Takeo Hirokuni Oshitate no Mikoto [Senka]. See the passage below.
On the ninth day, the Emperor proclaimed, “I hear that if men of appropriate age do not sow, then that year there will be a famine in the realm; if women of appropriate age do not spin thread, there will be great cold in that year. Therefore the Emperor himself cultivates to urge the people to farm, and the Empress and consorts themselves raise silkworms to encourage the people in sericulture. If, from the bureaucrats to the 10,000 families, all stop farming and spinning, how can the realm prosper? Let the officials proclaim my feelings in all the realm.”
On the 14th day, the Emperor arranged eight consorts. Actually the eight were arranged before and after, but the reason that they are recorded here as being arranged on the 14th day of the month is because a lucky day was divined from when the Emperor took office and this is when he first ordered them into his harem. In all other cases this is to be understood in the same way.
The first was the daughter of Ohari no Muraji Kusaka, called Princess Menoko. She was also called Shikobu. She gave birth to two children, both of whom became emperors. The first was called Imperial Princes Magari no Oe, who is Hirokuni Oshitake Kanahi no Mikoto [Anka]. The second was called Imperial Prince Hinokuma no Takata, and he was Takeo Hirokuni Oshitate no Mikoto [Senka].
The second consort was the older sister of Mio no Tsu no Ori no Kimi, called Princess Wakako. She gave birth to Imperial Prince Oiratsuko and Imperial Princess Izumo. The next consort was the daughter of Prince Sakata no Omata, called Princess Hiro. She gave birth to three girls. The oldest was called Imperial Princess Kansaki, the middle called Imperial Prinecss Manta, and the youngest Imperial Princess Umaguta. The next consort was the daughter of Prince Okinaga no Mate, called Omi no Iratsume. She gave birth to Imperial Princess Sasage (Sasage is read sa-sa-ge, 娑佐礙). This Imperial Princess was made a priestess to the great goddess in Ise. The next consort was the daughter of Manta no Muraji no Omochi (or his older sister), called Princess Seki. She gave birth to three girls. The oldest was Imperial Princess Manta no Oiratsume. The middle was Imperial Princess Shirasakai Kuhihime. The youngest was Imperial Princess Ono no Wakairatsume (also called Princess Nagaiwa).
The next consort was the daughter of Mio no Kimi Katahi, called Princess Yamato. She gave birth to two boys and two girls. The first was called Imperial Princess Oiratsume. The second was called Imperial Prince Maroko. He is the ancestor of the Kimi of Mikuni. The third was Imperial Prince Mimi. The fourth was called Imperial Princess Akahime. The next consort was the daughter of Wani no Omi no Kochi, called Princess Hae. She gave birth to one boy and two girls. The first was called Imperial Princess Wakayahime. The second was Imperial Princess Tsubura no Iratsume. The third was Imperial Prince Atsu. The next consort was the daughter of Prince Ne, called Princess Hiro. She gave birth to two boys. The older was called Imperial Prince Usagi. He is the ancestor of the Kimi of Sakahito. The younger was called Imperial Prince Nakatsu. He was the ancestor of the Kimi of Sakata. The year was 507.
First Envoys from Cheju-do to Baekje, Capital Moved to Tsutsuki
Second year, winter, tenth month. On the third day, they buried Emperor Ohatsuse no Wakasazaki [Buretsu] at Oataoka no Owatsuki Tomb.
12th month. The people of the south island sea nation of Jeju first sent envoys to Baekje.
Third year, spring, second month. Envoys were dispatched to Baekje. According to the Kudara Honki, Kuramachikimi came from Yamato. The details are unknown.
In the Japanese domain in Gaya, there were people from Baekje who had abandoned their lands and become refugees for three or four generations. They were returned to Baekje and re-added to the census.
Fifth year, winter, 10th month. The capital was relocated to Tsutsuki in the country of Yamashiro.
Baekje Seeks Provinces in Gaya
Sixth year, summer, fourth month. On the sixth day, Hozumi no Omi Oshiyama was dispatched to Baekje. For that, he was granted 44 horses from Tsukushi.
Winter, 12th month. Baekje dispatched an envoy with tribute. Separately, Baekje asked for the four provinces of Okoshitari, Arushitari, Sada, and Muro. The Viceroy of the country of Tari, Hozumi no Omi Oshiyama, said, “These four provinces are adjacent to Baekje and far away from Yamato. Morning and night they are in contact, and the it is impossible to discern between the crowing of chickens and barking of dogs of the two. If now they are given to Baekje, to become one country, though there is nothing more that could be done as a plan to protect these lands. Though these countries would be given to Baekje, in future generations there may be danger, but by separating these places, how can they be protected for many years?” Senior General Otomo no Kanamura heard the details of this conversation, agreed fully, and presented the policy to the Emperor and ordered Senior General Mononobe no Arakahi to proclaim it as messenger. Senior General Mononobe was going to go to the foreign guest house in Naniwa to proclaim this order to the guests from Baekje.
Then his wife said to him, “The great gods of Sumi no E originally bestowed the countries of Goguryeo, Baekje, Silla, and Gaya across the sea to Emperor Homuta [Ojin] while he was still in the womb. Therefore the Empress Okinagatarashihime no Mikoto [Jingu] and the Senior Minister Takeshiuchi no Sukune first established imperial domains [ miyake ] in each of those countries, and for a long time they stayed our domains overseas. If you cut these down little by little and give them to other countries, it violates the original borders. In future generations, people will accuse you on these grounds.”
The Senior General said back, “That may be so, but I fear disobeying the Emperor’s orders.”
Then his wife admonished him, saying “Then pretend to be sick, and don’t make the proclamation.” The Senior General did as his wife remonstrated him, and therefore sent a messenger to make the declaration of the imperial order and hand over the relevant documentation, and as ordered the four provinces of Gaya were given to Baekje.
Imperial Prince Oe [Ankan] was previously dealing with other matters, and did not know that the countries had been given away, and afterwards learned of the Imperial order, and was shocked and regretful, and wanted to issue a new edict, saying, “The countries in which Homuta no Sumera Mikoto [Ojin] established imperial domains, just because of the request of the neighboring country, cannot be given away.” Then he dispatched Hitaka no Kishi to convey the new order to the guests from Baekje.
The messenger came back saying, “Your father the Emperor thought over this and made an order. If you, the child and crown prince, go against the imperial order, and recklessly issue a new one, surely this is false. Even if you are right, which hurts more, to be struck with a heavy staff or a light one?” So the crown prince gave up.
At that time, people said, “Senior General Otomo and the governor of Tari, Hozumi no Omi Oshiyama, received bribes from Baekje.”
Additional Provinces Ceded to Baekje
Seventh year, summer, sixth month. Baekje dispatched general Jeomimungwi and general Jurijeoki to come along with Hozumi no Omi Oshiyama (According to the Kudara Honki, he was called Yamato no Oshiyamakimi). They presented as tribute a scholar of the Five Classics, Dan Yangi. Seperately it was reported to the Emperor, “The country of Hahe [a country of Gaya] plundered Komon in our own country. We humbly ask the Emperor to make a judgment, and return this country to its original jurisdiction.”
Autumn, eighth month. On the 26th day, The crown prince of Baekje, Sunta, died.
Ninth month. Imperial Prince Magari no Oe became betrothed to Imperial Princess Kasuga in person. At that time, the evening moon was beautiful, and they were speaking with each other, and without them realizing the time the dawn broke. A graceful and magnificent speaking style took on his words, and the crown prince sang, “blah blah blah.”
The princess also sang, “blah blah blah.”
Winter, 11th month. On the fifth day, in the court general Jeomimungwi of Kudara, Mun Deukji of Silla, Sin Ihae and Bunpawijwa of Ara [a country of Gaya], and Gi Jeonhae and Juk Munji of Hahe were summoned, and an imperial edict was issued giving Komon and Tasa to Baekje. That month, the country of Hahe dispatched Jipji, who offered rare jewels and requested the land of Komon. However the country was not granted them.
12th month. On the eighth day, the Emperor proclaimed, “I have received the imperial rank and been entrusted with protecting the imperial court, and have been careful and fearful. In this time, the realm has been at peace, the kingdom purely pacified, over and over we have had bountiful years, and have made the country fruitful. How splendid it is that Makoro [nickname for the crown prince] shows my heart in the eight directions, how grand that Magari no Oe shines my virtue in the 10,000 countries. Yamato is at peace, and your renown heard in the realm. Akizushima [Japan] glows, and your praise is thick within the country. You treasure the wise, and doing good is your favorite amusement. Your moral influence is fans out far and wide, and your achievements long remembered. Truly this is your power, and it should be located in the palace, to help me grant benevolence, and supplementing my own deficiencies.”
Lands Given to the Crown Prince's Consort
Eighth year, spring, first month. The crown prince’s consort Imperial Princess Kasuga was getting up late in the morning, and seemed different from usual. The crown prince suspected something and went into the palace to see her. She was lying on her couch crying and in pain, and nothing could be done. The crown prince asked her quizzically, “Now you’re crying, is there something you dislike?”
She said, “My sadness has no other cause than this: The birds that fly in the sky love their young, and build nests in the treetops, and this is their deep love. The insects on the ground, to protect their young, dig holes in the earth, in deep tender care. How can humans not have the same concern? The sadness of not bringing forth an heir has come upon the crown prince, so what will follow is the extinction of my name.”
The crown prince felt pain at this, and so reported it to the Emperor. He said, “My son Maroko, your consort’s words are right on the mark. How can you not console her? We should give her the miyake of Sahono, so that her name will live on through eight generations.”
War in Hahe, Death of the King of Baekje
Third month. Hahe built castles in Shiton and Taki, tying them to Mankei, and set up signal posts and barracks to defend against Yamato. Also they built castles in Nirehi and Masuhi, tying them to Mashiyokei and Suifu, assembled soldiers and weapons, and pressured Silla. They captured men and women, and ransacked villages. In the regions attacked, there were few survivors. Their cruelty and extravagance made it hard for the people, and there were so many put to death that it is impossible to record here.
Ninth year, spring, second month. On the fourth day, Baekje had dispatched general Mungwi and his envoy, and they now wished to return home. By impeirial order, Mononobe no Muraji (the name is not recorded) was sent with him and he went back. According to the Kudara Honki, it was Mononobe no Chichi no Muraji. That month, arriving in Satonosema, they heard that the people of Hahe were commiting atrocities, relying on their own brute strength. Therefore Mononobe no Muraji led 500 ships and immediately reached Tasanoe, while general Monki went through Silla and returned to Baekje.
Summer, fourth month. Mononobe no Muraji had stayed in Tasanoe for six days when Hahe raised its troops and attacked. They ripped their clothing, carried off the valuables, and completely burned the tents. Mononobe no Muraji and the others were afraid and fled, and escaped with only their lives, and stayed in Monmora. Monmora was the name of an island.
Tenth year, summer, fifth month. Baekje dispatched Zenho Mokrabuma Gapbae, who came to meet and thank Mononobe no Muraji and the others in Komon, and guide them into the country. The myriad ministers all put out clothing, axes, and silk, along with objects from their country, which piled up on the court. Consolation visists were made, and they were well rewarded.
Autumn, ninth month. Baekje dispatched general Wonjurijeukcha to accomany Mononobe no Muraji and come to the court, and offer thanks for the country of Komon. As a separate tribute, the scholar of the five classics, Gao Anjia of Aya [Han China] was sent with the request to exchange him for the scholar of the five classics Dan Yangi. The request was granted. On the 14th day, Baekje sent general Jak Makgo and the Japanese man Shina no Ahito together with the emissary from Goguryeo, Anjeong, and his envoy to the court in friendship.
12th year, spring, third month. On the ninth day, the capital was moved to Otokuni.
17th year, summer, fifth month. The King of Baekje, Muryeong, died.
18th year, spring, first month. The crown prince of Baekje, Myeong, succeeded.
20th year, autumn, ninth month. On the 13th day, the capital was moved to Iware no Tamaho. (By one book, this happened in year 7).
The Iwai Rebellion
21st year, summer, sixth month. On the third day, Omi no Kenu no Omi led an army of 60,000 and made for Gaya to attack Silla in South Kara and Tokunikon and return those countries to Gaya. At that time, the Kuni no Miyatsuko of Tsukushi, Iwai, secretly planned a revolt, preparing for several years, and fearing that it would be difficult to succeed, consistiently sought an oppurtunity. The Sillans knew this, and secretly sent a bribe to Iwai, that he prevent the advance of Kenu no Omi’s army. Then, Iwai made a closed base of the two countries of Hi and Toyo, and would not let them pay their taxes. He intercepted the sea routes, and deceived the yearly tribute ships from Goguryeo, Baekje, Silla, and Gaya, and blocked the dispatching of Kenu no Omi’s army, boasting to him said, “Now you are a messenger, but in the past, you were my equal, and we touched shoulders and elbows, and ate from the same vessels. Now just because you’ve become an envoy, how can you expect me to bow before you?” He was hostile and insubordinate and self-conceited. Then, Kenu no Omi’s army was prevented partway, and was stayed.
The Emperor said to Senior General Otomo no Kanamura, Senior General Mononobe no Arakahi, and Senior Minister Kose no Ohito, “Iwai in Tsukushi has revolted, and is ruling over the western lands. Now who will become my general?”
Senior General Otomo and the others all said, “Honestly, in benevolence or bravery, now no one can match Arakahi.”
The Emperor said, “So be it.”
Autumn, eighth month. On the first day, the Emperor proclaimed, “Senior General, Iwai is out of line. You conquer him.”
Senior General Mononobe no Arakahi repeatedly bowed and said, “Alas! Iwai, the villian of the west, relies on the obstructions of rivers, and does not come to court, and trusts the steepness of the mountains, and makes revolt. He has lost virtue and rejects principle, and is disgraceful and affronting, yet considers himself wise. In the past, from Michi no Omi down to Muroya, the Shogun has helped the Emperor and fought, as well as saving the people, and I have always thought it important: I will not fail to strike him down.”
The Emperor said, “A good general bestows gratitude and expels blessing, and being forgiving himself thus rules over people. He attacks like the bursting of a river, and fights like the blast of a wind.” Then he added, “On the General are cast the lives of his men, and the fate of the realm, this is you. Ya, dispense heavenly punishment.”
The Emperor himself took his halbred and passed it to the Senior General, saying, “I will take care of everywhere east of Nagato. From Tsukushi on west is yours. Award and punish as you see fit—do not bother reporting every little detail.”
22nd year, winter, 11th month. On the 11th day, the great shogun Senior General Mononobe no Arakahi decided himself to attack the leader of the rebels Iwai at Tsukushi, in the district of Mii. The banners and drums of both sides were seen and heard, and their dust was mixed together. Both sides fought hard to decide the battle, and without retreat 10,000 died on that battleground. Eventually they cut down Iwai, and put down the rebellion.
12th month. Tsukushi no Kimi Kazuko feared being put to death on implication because of his father Iwai, and gave to the Emperor the miyake of Kasuya, and sought pardon for his crime.
Escalating Tensions on the Korean Peninsula
23rd year, spring, third month. The King of Baekje said to the viceroy of the country of Arushitari, Hozumi no Oshiyama no Omi, “The messengers I send with tribute to Japan always avoid Misaki (The place you can go in and out of an island is called a saki. People said, Misaki). The sea is rough and the wind blows the waves high, and soaks my tribute products, and they get broken and lose their color. I want to receive Tasa no Tsu in Kara, and use it as a port on my tribute route.” Then Oshiyama no Omi reported this to the Emperor. That month, He dispatched Mononobe no Ise no Muraji Chichine and Kishi no Okina and others to grant the port to the King of Baekje.
At that time, the King of Kara said to the envoy, “This port, since it was made an imperial domain, has been my port for sending tribute. How can it so lightly be given to a neighboring country, differing from the original fief boundaries?” Chichine, who was the messenger of the edict, and the others saw it would be difficult to grant this land to Baekje openly, and so wanted to return to Oshima, and dispatched a scribe to Fuyo [Baekje] to grant the land to it. Therefore Kara made alliance with Silla, and resented Yamato.
The King of Kara married the daughter of the King of Silla, and they had a son. When Silla first sent the girl, they sent 100 men in her retinue. They disperesed throughout the countries, and ordered that everyone adopt Sillan style clothing and caps. Arisadeung was angry that the clothing had been changed, and dispatched messengers to send the men back.
Silla was greatly disgraced, and wanted the girl returned, saying, “Previously we received your request for marriage, and we approved it. Now if you intend to do these kinds of things, return the King’s daughter.”
Then Kohorochika of Kara (name unclear) said, “They are an established couple, how can you so easily separate them? There is even a child, how can you discard it?” In the end Silla attacked the three countries of Toka, Kohe, and Funamura, and attacked the five castles on the northern border.
Failure to Resolve Borders on the Korean Peninsula
That month, Omi no Kenu no Omi was dispatched to Ara, with an imperial order to advise Silla, and to rebuild South Kara and Tokukoton. Baekje dispatched general Gun Yungwi, Managapbae, and Maro to go to Ara and hear the Emperor’s order. Silla feared the destruction of the imperial domain in the neighboring country [Gaya] and did not send a high ranking delegate, but instead dispatched Buji Nama Rye, Hae Nama Rye, and others to Ara to hear the Emperor’s decree.
At that time, Ara had raised a new hall, and led in the imperial messengers. The Nirin of the country [the king of Gaya] went up the stairs behind him, and one or two of the domestic higher-ups also went up. The messengers from Baekje, the generals and others, were below the hall, and over several months the conference continued above. The General and the others resented having to stay in the garden.
Summer, fourth month. On the seventh day, the King of Gaya Ginomada [Kanki] came to the court (the one called Ginomada is probably Ariki). He first said to Senior General Otomo no Kanamura, “The countries across the sea, since Homuta no Sumera-mikoto [Ojin] set up the interior imperial domain there, have not discarded the orginal fiefdom that it is, as is well. However now Silla violates the original borders of the fiefdom we received, often crossing the border and coming to raid us. We ask that the Emperor would rescue our country.” Senior General Otomo consented to relay the message to the Emperor as such.
That month, Ginomada Kanki, who had come as a messenger, was sent off, along with an edict for Omi no Kenu no Omi who was in Gaya, which said, “Look into the claims by the King of Gaya, and reconcile the suspicions between the two sides.” Then Kenu no Omi summoned the two kings of Baekje and Silla to Kumanare (By one book, to Gaya, to the village of Kushi).
The King of Silla Jwa Riji dispatched Gujiporye (by one book, Guryeisajiu Nasamari), and Baekje dispatched Onsotsu Mi Deungri to attend on Kenu no Omi, and the two kings did not come in person. Kenu no Omi was outraged, and verbally attacked the two countries messengers, saying, “The smaller serves the larger, this is the way of heaven. (By one book, he said, The tips of great trees touch those of other great trees, and the tips of small trees only those of small trees. Why do the kings of these two countries not come in person to receive the orders of the emperor, and carelessly dispatch messengers? Now even if you two come yourselves to hear the Emperor’s edict, I will not deliver it; I will certainly send you away.” Gujiporye and Onsotsu Mi Deungri felt fear in their breasts, and each went home to his country to summon his respective king.”
Thereupon, Silla dispatched anew the upper minister Ijilburyeji Kanki, who was like the Senior Minister of Silla (by one book, Ijilbu Ryeji Nama) leading three-thousand men to ask to hear the Imperial edict. Kenu no Omi from afar saw that he was being surrounded by armed troops and on his own left Kumanare and went into Koshikori Castle in Gaya. Ijilburyeji Kanki next went to the field of Tatara and would not go back.
He waited three months, always demanding to hear the Emperor’s edict, but to the end Omi no Kenu never delivered it. King Ji [Kanki]’s soldiers sought food in the village, and drew near to Kenu no Omi’s servant Kochi no Umakai no Abito no Mikari. Mikari hid himself in an alcove, and waited for them to pass, and balled his fists as if he was going to attack. The soldiers saw this and said, “We have attentively waited for three months, waiting to hear the edict, but it still is undelivered, and the messengers sent to hear it are worried. Surely this is a deceitful plot to kill the Senior Minister.” They reported whay they saw to the Senior Minister. The Senior Minister then seized four villages: Konkan, Hebotsu, Ata, and Wada. By one book, they were Tatara, Sunara, Wata, and Hochi, and took all the people and things back to their own country. At that time someone said, “That Tatara and the other four villages were sacked was the fault of Kenu no Omi.”
Poor Administration of Kenu no Omi
Autumn, ninth month. Senior Minister Kose no Ohito died.
24th year, spring, second month. On the first day, the Emperor proclaimed, “Since Emperor Iwarebiko [Jimmu] and Emperor Mimaki [Sujin], all have trusted to intelligent ministers and bright aids. Therefore Michi no Omi put forth the plans of Emperor Kamuyamato [Jimmu], and Obiko those of Inie [Sujin], and together they prospered. Of the lords who succeeded to the throne, and wanted to achieve resurgence of great deeds, how could he not trust the plans of the wise? Now in the era of Emperor Ohatsuse [Buretsu], we received the realm from previous generations of prosperity and peace. But morals gradually were lost, and no awakening occurred, the administration was soaked in decline and no good. However he looked out for particular men, and each advanced in their own right. Those who have great plans do not have their shortcomings questioned, and those who have great genius are not blamed for their faults. Thereby the court was protected, and there is no danger to the realm. Now for 24 years, the realm has been pure and without worry interior or exterior, the land has been bountiful and the crops plentiful. But I fear that people will become to accustomed to plenty, living extravagantly. Therefore order that the people learn moderation, and scatter the Great Way, flowing through the vastness to lead to change. As for putting men of talent in the administration, this has been difficult since the past. Now that this charge is mine, how can I fail to be circumspect?”
Autumn, ninth month. Gaya sent a messenger who said to the Emperor, “Kenu no Omi has been living in his residence in Kushimura for two years now (By one book, three years counting his time coming and going). He is lazy in attending to administrative duties. When children are born between people of Yamato and of Gaya, and is to decide a lawsuit concerning the child’s citizenship, in the cases that are hard to decide, he uses Ukeiu [hot water test], saying, ‘A person who tells the truth will suffer no burns.’ Many have died because he throws them into boiling water and they are scalded to death. Also he killed Kibi no Karako Natari and Shifuri (Children born when a man of Yamato marries a foreigner are called Karako). He makes the people suffer, and does not reconcile anything.” The Emperor heard these circumstances and dispatched a messenger to summon him, but he did not come.
He secretly went to Kochi no Omo no Ki no Umakai no Abito Mikari’s place, and reported to the capital, saying, “If I return to the capital without delivering the Emperor’s edicts, my effort in coming will have been wasted. I would be put to shame. I humbly request the soverign wait until I finish delivering orders in this country, then I will return to the court and apologize.” After sending off the messenger, he said again to himself, “Tsuki no Kishi is an imperial messenger. If he returns to the country before I do, and reports this, my punishment will surely be even greater.” Then he appointed Tsuki no Kishi to lead many soldiers and guard Ishikimura Castle.
Then, Ariki [King of Gaya] knew that Kenu no Omi had been caught up in minor details and could not come through in his duty [to rebuild Gaya], and repeatedly recommended that he return to court, but Kenu no Omi did not listen. Therefore knowing entirely the particulars of the situation, his heart turned to betrayal. He dispatched Guryesagimo to Silla to request troops, and sent Nosuguri to Baekje to request troops.
Kenu no Omi heard the approach of the soldiers from Bakeje and went out to meet them in force at Hekoori (a place name. It is also called Nobikomari). Half ended up wounded or dead. Then the men of Baekje seized Nosuguri and chained his legs, hands, and neck, and with the Sillans surrounded the castle, and laid blame on Ariki, saying, “Release Kenu no Omi.” Kenu no Omi, however, hardened the castle’s defenses, and could not be captured.
Then, the two countries’ armies occupied the land there and stayed for a month, and built a castle, and the castle was called Kuremura Castle. On their way home, they attacked the five castles of Torikimura, Funamura, Mushikimura, Abura, and Kuchihataki.
Winter, tenth month. Tsuki no Kishi came back from Gaya and reported to the Emperor, “Kenu no Omi is lazy and not defending the administration. He reconciles nothing, has caused a revolt in Kara, and also does his task as he likes, not preventing disaster.” Therefore the Emperor dispatched Mezurako to summon him. (Information about Mezuko is unclear).
That year, Kenu no Omi received the summons and had reached Tsushima when he met with an illness and died. His funeral boat followed the river and went into Omi. Then his wife sang, “blah blah blah.”
When Mezurako first arrived in Gaya, the people of Yamato all sang, “blah blah blah.”
Death of the Emperor
25th year, spring, second month. The Emperor fell ill. On the seventh day, the Emperor died in Iwarenotamaho Palace. At that time he was 82.
Winter, 12th month. On the fifth day, he was buried in Aino Tomb.
By one book, in the Emperor’s 28th year as soverign, the year Kinoye Tora, he died. However, in this record the 25th year, Ka no Tonoi, is used in accordance with the Kudara Honki. In that record, it says, “In Ka no Tonoi, third month, the King of Baekje advanced to Ara, and built Kotsutoku castle. In this month, Goguryeo killed that King, An [King Anzo]. It is also heard that the Emperor of Yamato, Crown Prince, and Imperial Princes all died.” Therefore, Ka no Tonoi equates to the 25th year. Future readers can know this.
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