Scroll 18 - Emperors Ankan and Senka

Accession of Emperor Ankan

Emperor Magarinoooehirokunioshitakekanahi [Ankan] was the oldest son of Emperor Odo [Keitai]. His mother was called Princess Menoko. From a young age he was reserved [the walls were lofty] and difficult to understand [no one could see inside]. Yet he was brave and generous and had the quality of a ruler.
25th year, spring, second month. On the seventh day, Emperor Odo promoted Oe to the throne. On the same day, Emperor Odo died.
That month, Senior General Otomo (Kanamura) and Senior General Mononobe no Arakahi were reappointed to their same positions.
First year, spring, first month. The Emperor moved the capital to Yamato, Magari no Kanahashi, and the palace was named after that place.
Third month. On the sixth day, the officials, for the Emperor, took in the daughter of Emperor Oke, Imperial Princess Kasuga no Yamada, and she was made Empress. By another name, she was called Imperial Princess Yamada no Akami. Separately three consorts were appointed: the daughter of Prince Kose no Ohito, called Princess Sate, Princes Sate’s younger sister Princess Kakari, and Mononobe no Itabi’s (Itabi is read i-ta-bi, 伊陀寐) daughter Princess Yaka.

Establishment of Miyake

Summer, fourth month. The head steward Kashiwade no Omi Omaro received an Imperial order and dispatched a messenger to Ijimi to search for pearls.
The Kuni no Miyatsuko of Ijimi put off coming to the capital, and for a long time he did not submit them. Kashiwade no Omi Omaro was incensed, and captured and bound all the Kuni no Miyatsuko, and demanded their reason from them. Then the Kuni no Miyatsuko Wakago no Atai and others were afriad, and escaped and hid themselves within the sleeping quarters of the outer palace [where the Empress lived]. Empress Kasuga, without knowing they had come directly in, passed out from the shock was very ashamed.
Wakaga no Atai and the others were convicted of going into the palace carelessly along with their other crimes, and fined heavily. Then cirucmspectly they donated the miyake of Ijimi for the Empress, and sought pardon for their crime of going into the palace. Thus the miyake of Ijimi was established. Now it has been split up and made a district, and attached to the country of Kamitsufusa.
Fifth month. Baekje dispatched the Kaho Shutoku Jeok Deokson and the Shoho Totoku Gijugiru to come to the court and with the regular tribute as well as a separate address to the Emperor.
Autumn, seventh month. On the first day, the Emperor proclaimed, “The Empress is of the same body as the Emperor, their names as inside and outside are distinct. Therefore a land for a miyake will be set for the Empress, and used to fund construction of a court for her, so that her name will be left to future generations.” Then he delivered an order that good land be selected.
Messengers received the order and delivered it to Oshi Kochi no Atai Ajihari, also known as Kurohi. They said, “Now you should offer up the fertile land of Kijita.” Ajihari was unwanting to do this, and deceived the messengers, saying, “As for this land, when its sunny is difficult to irrigate, but when it rains it floods. Even if you put a lot of work into it, the harvest will be small.” The messengers accordingly reported to this to the Emperor without hiding any part of it.
Winter, tenth month. On the 15th day, the Emperor ordered Senior General Otomo Kanamura, saying, “I have gotten four wives, but still have no heir. After 10,000 years [when I die], my name will die out. Otomo no Okina (Kanamura), what plan can you make? Always I worry and am concerned with this.”
Senior General Otomo no Kanamura said, “I also am worried about it. The ruler of our state, whether he have an heir or not, should leave his name with material things. Please, for the Empress and the consorts, allocate land for a miyake, so that your names will remain for future generations, so that traces of the past will be made manifest.”
The Emperor replied, “Ok. It should be done at once.”
Senior General Otomo no Kanamura then said, “The miyake of Oharida and the miyake workers of the many countries should be given to Princess Sate, along with the miyake of Sakurai (one book says, along with the miyake of Chinu no Yama). And with all the country’s farmers the miykae of Naniwa should go to Princess Kakari, and the kuwayohoro [another kind of farmer] to Princess Yaka. In this the ways of the past will be shown to future generations.”
The Emperor said, “It will be done as you suggest.”

The Miyake of Takefu

Intercalary 12th month. On the fourth day, the Emperor visited Mishima, and Senior General Otomo no Kanamura went with him.
The Emperor dispatched Senior General Otomo to ask for good fields from the Agatanushi Iipo. Agatanushi Iipo’s joy knew no limit, and in sincere respect and humility he offered up land in Upper and Lower Mino and Upper and Lower Kuwahara together with land in Takefu, all together 40 cho.
Senior General Otomo said to him by imperial order, “Of the lands in the realm, there is none which is not an Imperial fief, under heaven nowhere that is not the territory of the leige. Therefore the previous Emperors built and manifested their fame, and ruled over vast earth, shining even as the sun and moon, riding long to far-away places at home and abroad, and being lustrous in the territories, completely filled them up to no limit. Above were the nine crowns, and they passed through the eight directions. Their systems of social manners told of achievement, and they made music clearly establishing the administration. Good fortune was sent out, and there was happiness like in former years. Now you, Ajihari, in the Emperor’s land a dark and tiny man, resent delivering up the lord’s land, and pass off his Imperial order. Ajiwari from now on must surely not be a Koori no Miyatsuko.”
Then, the Agatanushi Iipo felt a mix of delight and awe, and offered up his son Toriki to the Senior General, to be his squire.
However, Oshikochi no Atai no Ajihari was angry and repentant, and lay down on the ground and sweat greatly. Then he said to the Senior General, “I am a foolish peasant, and my crime warrants 10,000 deaths. Humbly I wish to go to all the districts and present the Emperor with 500 pickaxe workers in the spring and 500 more in the fall, and this custom will not die out among my descendent's. I stake my line on this, so that forever we will see our admonishment.” Separately he took six cho from Saita and presented them to Senior General Otomo. Probably this is how the ujiyakko [private slaves] of the Agata of Kochi came to be the tabe [imperial slaves] of the Takefu miyake.

Theft of Mononobe's Necklace

That month, the daughter of Iokibe no Muraji Kikoyu, called Princess Hata, stole the necklace of Senior General Mononobe no Okoshi and presented it to Empress Kasuga. When the event was realized, Kikuyo presented his daughter Princess Hata as lady in waiting (to the Kasugabe), and further offered up the ayamarube miyake of Iokibe in the country of Aki to redeem his daughter’s crime.
Senior General Mononobei no Okoshi feared that he would be thought involved in the incident, and in his uncertainty offered up Tochibe, Kusasa of Ise, the Nie no Hajibe of Toi (Kusasa and Toi are names of villages), and the Isayamabe of Tsukushi.

Feud of the Kuni no Miyatsuko of Musashi

The kuni no miyatsuko of Musashi Omi and his relative Oki attacked each other. (Omi and Oki are names). Several years passed and no resolution was reached. Oki’s character was traitorous and proud, and secretly he went to the side of Kamitsuke no Kimi Okuma for aid, then planned to kill Omi.
Omi realized this and fled, and went to the capital and reported this. The court made its decision, and Omi was made kuni no miyatsuko, and Oki was put to death. The kuni no miyatsuko Omi, feeling fear and happiness mixed in his breast, could not hold himself back, and in reverence for the state established for the Emperor the four miyake of Yokonu, Tachibana, Ohi, and Kurasu. The year was 534.

Establishment of Miyake, Death of the Emperor

Second year, spring, first month. On the fifth day, the Emperor proclaimed, “These days every year has had a bountiful harvest, and there are no worries about the borders. The people enjoy their occupation of sowing and harvesting, and the black-headed people of every vocation have avoided famine. Benevolence spreads freely in the realm, and praises fill up the land. Through interior and exterior there is purity, the state flourishes in riches, and I am very pleased. Let there be a drinking party for five days, for the realm’s enjoyment.”
Summer, fourth month. On the first day, the Emperor established the Magari no Toneri-be and the Magari no Yuki-be.
Fifth month. On the ninth day, the Emperor established in Tsukushi the miyake of Honami and Kama, in Toyo the miyake of Misaki, Kuwahara, Kato, Onuku, and Aka, in Hi the miyake of Kasugabe, in Harima the miyakes of Koshibe and Ushika, in Kibi no Michi no Shiri the miyake of Shitsuki, Tane, Kukutsu, Hawaka, and Kawato, in Ana the miyake of Inie and Itoshibe, in Awa the miyake of Kasugabe, in Ki the miyake of Fuse (Fuse is read as such) and Kawahe, in Taniwa the miyake of Soshiki, in Omi the miyake of Ashiuchi, in Owari the miyake of Mashiki and Iruka, in Kamitsuke the miyake of Midono, and in Suruga the miyake of Wakanie.
Autumn, eighth month. On the first day, by imperial proclamation the Inukai be was established in all the countries.
Ninth month. On the third day, the Emperor proclaimed that Sakuraibe no Muraji, Agata no Inukai no Muraji, and Naniwa no Kishi would be in charge of the miyake taxes. On the 13th day, the Emperor specifically ordered the Senior General, saying “We should pasture oxen in Naniwa, Osumi no Shima, and Himeshima, Matsubara. By this my name will hang down in the future.”
Winter, 12th month. On the 17th day, the Emperor died in Magarinokanahashi palace. He was 70. That month, they buried the Emperor in Kawachi, Furuichitakaya no Osaka tomb. The Empress Imperial Princess Kasuga no Yamada and the Emperor’s younger sister Imperial Princess Kansaki were also buried in this tomb.

Accession of Emperor Senka

Emperor Takeohirokunioshitate [Senka] was the second son of Emperor Odo [Keitai]. He was the younger brother of Emperor Magari no Ooehirokunioshitaekanahi [Ankan] by the same mother.
Second year, 12th month. Emperor Magari no Ooehirokunioshitaekanahi died and had no heir. The myriad ministers offered up the sword and mirror to Takeohirokunioshitate no Mikoto and made him succed to the Chrysanthemum Throne.The Emperor was of a pure character, and exceedingly bright. He did not boast of his ability or position, and men of high rank served him willingly.
First year, spring, first month. He moved the capital to Hinokuma, Iorino, and by that his palace was named.
Second month. On the first day, Senior General Otomo no Kanamura was made Senior General and Senior General Mononobe no Arakahi was made Senior General, as they were before. Also, Soga no Iname no Sukune was made Senior Minister and Ahe no Omaro no Omi was made minister.
Third month. On the first day, the officials requested an Empress be established. On the eighth day, the Emperor proclaimed, “My proper wife from before, the daughter of Emperor Oke, Imperial Princess Tachibana no Nakatsu, will be Empress.” She gave birth to one son and three daughters. The oldest was called Imperial Princess Ishi. The next was called Imperial Princess Koishi. The next was called Imperial Princess Kuranowakaya. The next was called Imperial Prince Kamitsuueha. The Imperial prince was also called Maroko, the ancestor of the two Uji of Tajihi no Kimi and Ina no Kimi. Also, the Emperor’s existing consort, Princess Oshikochi no Wakugo, had one son. He was called Imperial Prince Hono. He was the ancestor of the Shiida no Kimi.

Building of Granaries and Death of the Emperor

Summer, fifith month. On the first day, the Emperor proclaimed, “Food is the root of the nation. Even with 10,000 strings of 1000 gold coins one cannot cure a famine; with 1,000 boxes of white pearls how can one be saved from the cold? Soon the countries near and far in Tsukushi will present their imperial tribute, coming and going through the gateways. The countries across the sea will come as guests after looking at the weather and the clouds, and present their tribute. Since Emperor Homuta [Ojin] up to myself, they have stored up the harvest, and stored up the provisions, and while preparing for a bad harvest and for the warm entertainment of these good guests. As a way to safeguard the country, there is no way that surpasses this.
Therefore, I dispatch Aso no Kimi (name unknown) to transport the grain from the miyake in Kawachi, in the district of Manta [to Tsukushi] and Senior Minister Soga no Iname no Sukune should dispatch the muraji of Owari to transport the grain from the miyake of the country of Owari, and Senior General Mononobe no Arakahi should dispatch Nii no Mi no Muraji to transport the grain from the miyake of Nii, and Ahe no Omi should dispatch Iga no Omi to transport the grain from the miyake of Iga. Also build a miyake around Nanotsu. Also, the miyake of Tsukushi, Hi, and Toyo, these three countries, are dispersed and make transport difficult because of their distance. Therefore each district should divide and move its grains, and collecting them build a miyake at Nanotsu, in case of emergency and to lengthen the lifespan of the people. Quickly go down to these districts and make my orders known.”
Autumn, seventh month. Senior General Mononobe no Arakahi died. The year was 536.
Second year, winter, tenth month. On the first day, the Emperor, because Silla had invaded Gaya, ordered Otomo no Kanamura no Muraji to dispatch his sons, Iwa and Sadehiko, to save Gaya. At that time, Iwa was staying in Tsukushi and heading this country’s administration, and had prepared defense against the three kingdoms of Korea. Sadehiko went to supress Gaya and also rescue Baekje.
Fourth year, spring, second month. On the tenth day, the Emperor died in Hi no Kuma no Iori no No palace. He was 73.
Winter, 11th month. On the17th day, they buried the Emperor in Yamato, in Musa no Tsukisaka no Ue Tomb. The Empress Tachibana no Miko and their children were also buried there. The year the Empress died is not recorded. The male child probably died before reaching adulthood.

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