Scroll 28 - Emperor Temmu (1)

The Emperor Enters the Priesthood at Yoshino


Emperor Ama no Nunaharaoki no Mahito [Temmu] (nuna is read as nu-na, 農難) was the younger brother of Emperor Amemikoto Hirakasuwake [Tenji] by the same mother. When he was a child he was called Imperial Prince Oshiama and his figure was exceedingly suberb. As an adult he was divinely valient and could do astronomy and donko divination.
The daughter of Emperor Amemikoto Hirakasuwake [Tenji], Imperial Princess Uno, was taken in and made official consort.
In the first year of Emperor Amemikoto Hirakasuwake [Tenji], he was was made the eastern palace [the heir apparent].
In the fourth year, winter, tenth month, the Emperor [Tenji] fell ill, and the pain was intense, so he sent Soga no Omi Yasumaro to summon the heir apparent and bring him into the main hall. At that time Yasumaro liked the heir apparent, and secretly advised him, saying, “Be careful what you say.” The heir apparent then feared that there was some secret plot and was careful.
The Emperor ordered the heir apparent to take up the task [of ruling]. However he refused and said, “I am saddened to say that, from a while back, I have had many illnesses, so how can I keep the kingdom? I wish my leige would charge the realm to the Empress, and have Imperial Prince Otomo make pronouncements to the myriad ministers. I will now go into the priesthood because I want to cultivate virtue for my leige.” The Emperor permitted this.
That day he went into the priesthood. Thereby he collected all his private weapons and gave them to the bureaucrats. On the 19th day, he went into Yoshino Palace. At that time the Minister of the Left Soga no Akae no Omi, the Minister of the Right Nakatomi no Kane no Muraji, the Court Speaker Soga no Hatayasu no Omi, and others saw him off, and went to Uji with him before turning back. Then someone said, “It is like releasing a tiger with wings.” That night, he reached Shima Palace. On the 20th day, the heir apparent reached Yoshino and stayed there. At that time, he assembled the servants and said to them, “I now have entered study in the priesthood, therefore those who want to follow me in study remain here. If you want to raise your status through service, return and serve in the administrsation.” However nobody went back. Then he again assembled the servants and spoke to them as before. Then half of the servants stayed, and half departed.
In the 12th month, Emperor Amemikoto Hirakasuwake [Tenji] died.

The Emperor's Resolution


First year, spring, third month. On the 18th day, the court dispatched Interior Smaller Seventh Rank Azumi no Muraji Inashiki to Tsukushi to tell tell of the Emperor’s death to Guo Shengcong and the others. Then Guo Shengcong and the others put on mourning clothes and performed koai three times, then faced the east and touched their heads to the ground. On the 21st day, Guo Shengcong and the others made obesiance and presented their document box and other things.
Summer, fifth month. On the 12th day, armor, helmets, bows, and arrows were given to Guo Shengcong and others. That day, the court gave Guo Shengcong and the others presents, in all 1673 bolts of rough silk in three bolts, 2852 hashi of coth, and 686 kin of cotton. On the 28th day, Goguryeo dispatched Zenho Bu Gabyeon and others with tribute. On the 30th day, Guo Shengcong and the others returned home.
That month, Prince E no I no Muraji said to the [would be] Emperor, “On my own private matter, I went alone to Mino. At that time the court had said to the governors of the two countries of Mino and Owari, ‘Because we will make a mountain tomb, set aside laborers.’ However the men were also each made to carry weapons. I think that this is not to make a moutain tomb, and certainly something is happeneing. If you do not flee quickly, you will be in danger.”
Then someone else said to him, “The court has set inspectors in each place from the capital of Omi to the capital of Yamato. Also they ordered the bridge keeper of Uji bridge to prevent your servants from transporting private provisions.”
The [would-be] Emperor heard this rumor and accordingly ordered it investigated, and found it to be true. Then he proclaimed, “I refused the imperial rank and withdrew from the world to heal my body so that I could live to see 100 years of age. However now I cannot do it and am being subject to disaster. How can I keep silent when my body is to be destroyed?"

The Emperor Goes East


Sixth month. On the 22nd day, the [would-be] Emperor said to Murakuni no Muraji Oyori, Wanibe no Omi Kimite, and Mugetsukimi Hiro, “Now I hear that the servants of the court of Omi are planning to attack me. You three men quickly go to to Ahachima district in the country of Mino and tell the Bath Master O no Omi Honji this information, and begin to raise the soldiers of that district. Also go around to the governors and tell them to raise their armies, and quickly close off the pass of Fuwa. I will also leave shortly.”On the 24th day, he was preparing to go east. At that time one of his servants said to him, “The ministers of the court in Omi originally had traitorous hearts, and will certainly enact their plan throughout the realm, and accordingly the roads will be hard to pass. How, without even one soldier, with nothing in your hands, can you plan to enter the east? I fear that this will not succeed.”
The Emperor followed this advice and wanted to call back Oyori and the others. Then he dispatched Okida no Kimi Esaka, Kifumi no Miyatsuko Otomo, and O no Omi Shima to the rusushi Prince Takasaka with orders to request the emergency signal bell. Therefore he said to Esaka, “If you do not get the bell, send Shima back to report to me. Esaka should race to Omi and summon Imperial Prince Takechi and Imperial Prince Otsu, and tell them we rendevous in Ise.” Then Esaka and the others went to the rusushi and told him the orders of the heir apparent and asked him for the signal bell, but Prince Takasaka would not abide by the order. Then Esaka went on to Omi, and Shima returned and reported, “He would not give us the bell.”
That day, the Emperor departed and went into the eastern countries. It was an emergency and there were no horses available, so he set out on foot. Then by chance he met the riding horse of Agata no Inukai no Muraji Otomo thereby he was able to ride. The Empress was loaded onto a palaquin and followed behind. When they got to the Tsufuri river the Emperor’s palaquin had finally caught up and so he rode in it. At that time, the ones following him from the start were Imperial Prince Kusakabe and Imperial Prince Osakabe, as well as the servant E no I no Muraji Okimi, Agata no Inukai no Muraji Otomo, Saeki no Muraji Ome, Otomo no Muraji Tomokuni, Wakasakurabe no Omi Iose, Fumi no Obito Nemaro, Fumo no Atai Chitoko, Yamashiro no Atai Obayashi, Yamashirobe no Oda, Ato no Muraji Chitoko, Tsuki no Obito Ona, and others, some 20 people, along with 10 or so ladies in waiting.
That day, they arrived at Uda no Aki. Otomo no Muraji Makuta and Kifumi no Miyatsuko Otomo caught up to them after having left from Yoshino Palace. At this time, Haji no Muraji Umate, the head of the granary of Mita, offered food to the Emperor and his entoruage. Then passing through the village of Kanra, there were about 20 hunters. Otomo no E no Moto no Muraji Okuni was at their head, and he called them all and made them follow. Also they summoned Prince Mino, and he came and followed as well. They ran into 50 horses from the country of Ise transporting rice for the bath house before the granary of Uda district. Then all threw away the rice and the walkers mounted. When they arrived at Ono the sun was falling, and in the darkness of the mountains they could not proceed, so they broke down the walls of the village and made torches of them.
At night, they reached Nabari district and burned the stable of Nabari. Therefore in the village it was proclaimed, “The Emperor has gone into the east countries. Therefore as servants come with him.” However not one person would come.
When they reached the Yokokawa river, black clouds formed and spanning 10 jo they went around the heavens. At that time the Emperor thought it strange and accordingly set a fire and personally did the divination of chiku, saying, “It is a sign that the realm is going to be split in two. However, I will get the realm.” Then he hurried to Iga district and burned the stable of Iga. In the mountains of Iga, the governors and magistrates of the country came leading some hundreds of troops and joined him.
At dawn, they arrived in Tarano stopped the procession and for a bit and ate. Then they arrived in Tsumue no Yamaguchi, Imperial Prince Takechi personally crossed through Kafuka and met them. (section missing?) Tami no Atai Ohi, Akasome no Miyatsuko Tokotari, Okura no Atai Hirosumi, Saka no Ue no Atai Kunimaro, Furuichi no Kuromaro, Takeda no Daitoku, and Ikago no Omi Ahe were following him.
They crossed Oyama and went to Ise, to the district of Suzuka. There the governor Kamimiyake no Muraji Iwatoko and his assistant Miwa no Kimi Kobito, the Bath Master Tanaka no Omi Tarimaro and Takata no Obito Niinomi met them in the district of Suzuka. They raised 500 soldiers and blocked the mountain pass into Suzuka. Then the arrived in Kawano no Sakamoto and it was getting dark. The Empress was tired, so they stopped the palaquin for a bit and rested. However that night it looked like it was going to rain, so they could not rest for long and moved on. Then it got cold and there was thunder and rain. The clothing of his entourage all got wet, and they could not stand the cold. So when they arrived at the granary of the district of Mie, the Emperor had a shack burned to warm the cold people.
That night, the keeper of the gate of Suzuka sent a servant to tell the Emperor, “Prince Yamabe and Prince Ishikawa have come to join you, therefore I stopped them at the gate.” The Emperor sent Michi no Atai Masuhito as a messenger to summon them.
On the 26th day at dawn, they worshipped the great goddess Amaterasu near the Tokawa river in the district of Asaake. At that time, Masuhito came back and reported, “The one stopped at the gate is not Prince Yamabe nor Prince Ishikawa. It is Imperial Prince Otsu.” He was following Masuhito and came forth. Okida no Kimi Esaka, Naniwa no Kishi Mitsuna, Komada no Suguri Oshihito, Yama no Be no Kimi Yasumaro, Oharida no Ite, Hatsukashibe no Shiki, Okida no Kimi Wakana, Ne no Muraji Kanemi, and Nuribe no Tomose were following him. The Emperor was greatly pleased. When the arrived at the granary of the district, Oyori came riding up and said, “3,000 men have been mustered from Mino and were able to block off the road to Fuwa.”
Then the Emperor praised Oyori’s acheivement, and as they had already arrived at the granary of the district, he sent Imperial Prince Takechi ahead to the roadblock with orders to inspect that army. Then he dispatched Yamase no Be Ota and Ato no Muraji Akafu to Umitsumichi to summon soldiers, and also sent Wakasakurabe no Omi Iose and Haji no Muraji Umate to raise troops in Yama no Michi. That day, the Emperor stayed at the granary in Kuwana district and halted the procession.

Response of the Omi Court


At that time, the court in Omi heard that Moke no Kimi [Emperor Tenmu] had gone into the eastern countries, and the myriad ministers were completely afraid, and there was uproar in the palace. Some wanted to go join him in the east, and some fled to hide in the mountains. Then Imperial Prince Otomo said to the myraid ministers, “What shall we do?”
One minister came forth and said, “Taking a long time to make a plan will just make our action too late. Rather, we should quickly gather good calvary and ride after him.” The Imperial Prince would not go along with it. Then Ina no Kimi Iwasuki, Fumi no Atai Kusuri, and Oshisaka no Atai Omaro were sent to the east countries, and Hozumi no Omi Momotari, his younger brother Ioe, and Mononobe no Obito Himuka were sent to the capital of Yamato, Saeki no Muraji Otoko was sent to Tsukushi, and Kusu no Omi Iwate was sent to Kibi, and they were ordered to completely muster the troops.
Then he said to Otoko and Iwate, “The Viceroy of Tsukushi Prince Kurukuma and the ruler of Kibi Tagima no Kimi Hiroshima are men who formerly served the heir apparent. I suspect they will go against the order. If they do not submit, kill them instantly.” Then, on the day that Iwate went to Kibi and delivered the official orders, he deceived Hiroshima and made him draw his sword. Then Iwate loosed his sword and killed him.
Otoko arrived in Tsukushi. At that time Prince Kurukuma received the official order and replied, “The country of Tsukushi was orginally for defending against attacks from the outside. Its tall castles and deep moats face the sea for protection: how can it fight in the country’s interior? Now I fear that if I follow the order and muster troops, this country will be empty. If then something unexpected happens, the state will soon be overthrown. Even if you were to kill me 100 times, how could I comply? How can I dare to go against my charge? This is the reason that I do not muster the troops.” Then Prince Kurukuma’s two sons, Prince Mino and Prince Takeie, drew their swords and stood beside their father and would not retreat. Then Otoko gripped his sword and wanted to go forth, but retreated out of fear he would be killed. Therefore he could not complete this task, and returned with nothing.
In the east, the mounted messenger Iwasuki and the others came to the barricade and Iwasuki suspected there were troops in the mountains, so he slowed down and came behind the rest. Then troops in ambush came out of the mountains and prevented Kusuri and the others from falling back and escaping. Iwasuki saw this and knew Kusuri and the others had been captured, fell back and fled, and was able to escape.
At this time, Otomo no Muraji Makuta and his younger brother Fukei saw how things were going, and feigned illness and retreated to their home in Yamato. However they knew that the one who should succed to the throne was certainly Moke no Kimi [Temmu] in Yoshino. Thereby Makuta went ahead following the Emperor. However Fukei stayed, saying, “I will make my name famous all at once, for I want to prevent disaster.” Then he summoned strong men from one or two related families, but could only get some tens of men.

Audience with Prince Takechi and Fukei's Attack


On the 27th day, Imperial Prince Takechi dispatched messengers to the district of Kuwana to report, “Your location is far away, and it is inconvenient for administration. You should come somewhere closer.”
That day, the Emperor stayed the Empress and went to the blockade. When he reached the granary of the district, Kamichiisakobe no Muraji Saichi, governor of Owari, joined him leading 20,000 men. The Emperor praised him, and divided up this army, blocking off roads here and there. Then he went to Nogami, and Imperial Prince Takechi himself came out to meet him from Wazami and reported, “Last night, mounted messengers from the Omi court came. The soliders lying in ambush captured them, including Fumi no Atai Kusuri and Oshisaka no Atai Omaro. I questioned them about where they were going, and they replied, ‘We were dispatched to the East countries to summon troops for [attacking] Moke no Kimi [Tenmu] in Yoshino, and were following Ina no Kimi Iwasuki. However, Iwasuki saw the soldiers in ambush come out and turned and fled.’”
Then the Emperor said to Imperial Prince Takechi, “At the court of Omi, the Ministers of the Left and Right and all the other gifted ministers take counsel together. I have no one with whom to plan, only young people. What should I do?”
Then the Imperial Prince made bare his arms and put his hand on his sword, saying, “The ministers in Omi may be many, but who would dare to go against the imperial miracle? The Emperor, though he is alone, accords me, Takechi, a divine miracle upon which I can rely, and seeking the orders of the Emperor and leading all to conquer, who can deny me?”
Then the Emperor praised him, and took his hand and patted him on the back, saying, “Do not tarry in your charge.” Then he gave him a riding horse, and completely entrusted him with the military affairs. The Imperial Prince [Takechi] then returned to Wazami. The Emperor set up a temporary palace in Nogami and stayed there.
That night, there was a thunderstorm. The Emperor prayed and said, “The gods of heaven and earth aid me, and stop this storm.” When he finished speaking the thunder and rain stopped. On the 28th day, the Emperor went to Wazami and inspected the army, then returned. On the 29th day, the Emperor went to Wazami and ordered Imperial Prince Takechi to give orders to the troops.
That day, Otomo no Muraji Fukei secretly with made plans with the rusushi Saka no Ue no Atai Kumate and said to one or to men of the Aya no Atai, “I will pretend to be Imperial Prince Takechi and lead some tens of cavalry to the face the army that is on the road north of Asuka temple. Then join my side.” He had already prepared arms at the house of Kudara, and taking them he then came out of the south gate. First, he had Hada no Miyatsuko Kuma put on a loincloth and mount his horse, and then had him mix in with the opposing army at the west of the temple, and planned to make him say, “Imperial Prince Takechi has come himself from the blockade! An army of many men follows him.”
At that time the rusushi Prince Takasaka and his military messenger Hozumi no Omi Momotari had set their army at the west of the temple under the zelkova tree. However, Momotari had stayed at the armory at Oharida and was going to transport weapons to Omi. Then everyone heard Kuma shout from within the army, and they were scattered in disarray completely. Then Otomo no Muraji Fukei led the tens of cavalry and suddenly came. Kumate and the other Atai joined up with him, and their soldiers also followed. Then saying it was the order of Imperial Prince Takechi, they summoned Hozumi no Omi Momotari from the armory at Oharida. Momotari came slowly riding on his horse and at last made it to the zelkova tree to the west of Asuka temple. Then someone said, “Get off your horse.” Momotari was slow in doing this, so grabbing his collar they pulled him down and he was shot with one arrow. Then they drew swords and killed him.
They captured Hozumi no Omi Ioe and Mononobe no Obito Himuka. Afterwards they pardoned them and set them in the army. Then they summoned Prince Takasaka and Prince Wakasa and made them follow the army. Fukei sent Otomo no Muraji Yasumaro, Saka no Ue no Atai Oyu, and Sami no Kimi Sukunamaro to Fuwa Palace with orders to report these things to the Emperor. The Emperor was greatly pleased and ordered that Fukei become shogun. At that time Miwa no Kimi Takechimaro, Kamo no Kimi Emishi, and many other brave warriors, like an echo follows a scream, gathered completely to the shogun, and they planned to invade Omi. Therefore they chose brave men from among the army and made them generals and supervisors.
[Seventh month] On the first day, they first set out for Nara.

Dispatch of Troops to Omi


Autumn, seventh month, second day. The Emperor dispatched Ki no Omi Ahemaro, O no Omi Honji, Miwa no Kimi Kokubi, and Okisome no Muraji Usagi to lead some tens of thousands of men to Ise, then to cross Oyama and make for Yamato. He then dispatched Murakuni no Muraji Oyori, Fumi no Obito Nemaro, Wanibe no Omi Kimite, and Ikago no Omi Ahe to lead some tens of thousands of men out of the blockade and directly into Omi. Fearing these men and those of the Omi generals would be hard to distinguish, he made them all wear red clothes. However afterwards he separately ordered O no Omi Honji to lead 3,000 men to stay in Tarano, and dispatched Tanaka no Omi Tarimaro with orders to protect the road in Kurafu.
Then the Omi court ordered Prince Yamabe, Soga no Omi Hatayasu, and Kose no Omi Hito to lead some tens of thousands of men and attack the blockade, and they mustered their army near the Inukami river. However, Prince Yamabe was killed by Soga no Omi Hatayasu and Kose no Omi Hito. Thereby chaos ensued and the army could not advance. Then Soga no Omi Hatayasu returned from Inukami, stabbed himself in the neck, and died.
At that time, the shogun of the Omi forces Hata no Kimi Yakuni and his son Ushi led their own famiy’s men and came forth to surrender. Therefore he was given an axe and halbred and made shogun, and he went north into Koshi. Before this, Omi had thrown away it’s spirited soldiers and suddenly attacked the village of Tamakurabe. Then the Emperor dispatched Izumo no Omi Koma to chase them off.

Defeat at Mt. Nara and Karafu, Victory at Tarano


On the third day, the shogun Fukei was staioned atop Mt. Nara. At that time Aratao no Atai Akamaro said to the shogun, “The old capital is our home territory, and we should fortify it.” The shogun followed this advice. Then he dispatched Akamaro and Inbe no Obito Kobito with orders to fortify the old capital. Akamaro and the others went to the old capital, cut the roads and bridges, made shields, and then stood them around the city to protect it.
On the fourth day, Shogun Fukei fought the Omi general Ono no Kimi Hatayasu at Mt. Nara but was defeated. The army completely ran off, and Shogun Fukei barely escaped. Then Hatayasu pursued him to Yakuchi, however looking from atop a short mountain at the capital, he could see there were shields stood up and suspected an ambush, and so led his army away.
On the fifth day, Omi’s other general Tanabe no Osumi crossed Kafuka mountain, rolled up their banners and carried their drums and reached Kurafu. (section missing) That night, they gagged themselves and broke through the wall, and then mixed into the army there. Osumi was afraid that his soldiers and the soldiers of Tarimaro would be hard to distinguish, so he made all his men say “Kane” when they drew their swords, and if the other person did not say “Kane” in return they were killed.
Then, Tarimaro’s men were completely in disorder because the attack was so sudden, and they did not know what to do. Then Tarimaro heard the password, and he alone said “Kane” and was able to narrowly escape.
On the sixth day, Osumi advanced and wanted to attack the army at Tarano. Then, the Shogun O no Omi Honji prevented this, and his sprited men pursued the attackers. Osumi alone was able to escape by running. After this, he never came again.

Oyori Defeats the Omi Forces


On the seventh day, Oyori and others fought with the Omi army at Okinaga no Yokokawa and broke through, killing their general Sakaibe no Muraji Kusuri.
On the ninth day, Oyori and others attakced the Omi general Hada no Tomotari at Toko no Yama and killed him. That day, the Shogun of Umitsumichi, Ki no Omi Ahemaro and others heard that at the capital of Yamato Otomo no Muraji Fukei had lost to the Omi forces, so he divided up his army and sent Okichi no Muraji Usagi leading over 1,000 men on horse to race to the capital of Yamato.
On the 13th day, Oyori fought near the Yasukawa river and made a great rout of the Omi forces. Then he captured Kosobe no Omi Okuchi and Haji no Muraji Chishima. On the 17th day, he attacked Kurumoto’s army and drove them off. On the 22nd day, Oyori arrived in Seta.
At that time, Imperial Prince Otomo and the myriad ministers together with their army were west of the bridge, and had prepared a camp so great that that one could not see the end of it. The army’s banners filled the fields, and the dust was such that it reached the sky, and the sound of their bells and drums was heard for some tens of ri, they randomly fired their bows, and arrows fell like rain. Their general Chison led his spririted troops and defended the front. The Omi army cut out three jo from the middle of the bridge and placed one long board over the gap, and if anyone were to step on the board to cross, they pulled back the board to make them fall. Thus [Emperor Temmu’s forces] could not advance to attack.
Then, one of Oyori’s soldires, called Okida no Kimi Wakami, threw down his long spear and put on multiple sets of armor, and drew his sword and suddenly stepped on the board to cross. Then he cut the ropes attached to the board and ignoring the arrows went into the enemy camp. All the troops were in disorder and ran scattered, and could not be stopped. At that time the shogun Chison drew his sword and killed the ones fleeing, but he could not stop them. Therefore they killed Chison beside the bridge. Then Imperial Prince Otomo and the Ministers of the Left and Right narrowly escaped. Oyori set the army at the hill of Awazu no Oka. That day, Hata no Kimi Yakuni and Izumo no Omi Koma together attacked Mio Castle and took it.
On the 23rd day, Oyori killed the Omi generals Inukai no Muraji Ikimi and Tani no Atai Shote at Awazu Market. Then, Imperial Prince Otomo had no place to run, so he returned and hid at Yamasaki and then hanged himself. At that time the Ministers of the Left and Right and the myriad ministers all scattered. Only Mononobe no Muraji Maro and one or two servants followed him.

Fukei's Victory in Yamato


Previously, when Shogun Fukei headed for Nara and reached Hieda, someone said, “Many soldiers will come from Kawachi.”
Then he dispatched Sakamoto no Omi Takara, Nagao no Atai Masumi, Kurakaki no Atai Maro, Tami no Atai Oshibi, and Tani no Atai Nemaro to lead 300 soldiers to Tatsuta and defend it, and sent Sami no Kimi Sukunamaro to lead some hundreds and station them in Osaka, and sent Shima no Kimi Emishi to lead some hundreds of men to protect the Iwate road.
That day, Sakamoto no Omi Takara and the others camped at the open plain of Hirashi. When the heard that the Omi army was in Takayasu Castle they climbed it. Then the Omi army knew Takara had come, and completely burned the granaries there, then all dispersed. Takara spent the night in the castle.
The next morning, he looked to the west and from the two roads of Otsu and Tajihi saw many soldiers coming, and he saw clearly their banners. One man said, “It is the army led by the Omi general Iki no Fubito Karakuni.” Takara and the others left Takayasu Castle and crossed the Eganokawa river, and fought with Karakuni around the west of the river. Takara and the other soldiers were too few and could not defend.
Previously, he had dispatched Ki no Omi Oto with orders to protect the road at Kashikozaka. Then Takara fled there, and was with Oto’s army.
At that time, Kume no Omi Shioko ,the governor of Kochi, was planning to join the side of Fuwa Palace and assembled his troops. However Karakuni was there and secretly heard this plan, and was going to kill Shioko. Shioko knew that the information had leaked and killed himself.
After one day passed, the Omi army came from many roads. It was not possible to fight them, so they retreated. That day, Shogun Fukei lost to the Omi army and by himself led one or two riders and ran. Then at Sumisaka, the met the army of Usagi, and returned and stationed them at the well of Kanazuna, and summoned the soldiers that had dispersed. Then, they heard the Omi army had come to the road of Osaka, and the shogun pulled his army back to the west. Arriving at the village of Tagima, they fought with Iki no Fubito Karakuni’s army near Ashi Pond.
At that time, some brave soldier called Kume drew his sword and suddenly raced his horse directly into the army. The other riders then continued this and advanced. The Omi army broke and ran, and many were pursued and cut down. Then, the shogun ordered the army, saying, “The original purpose of these soldiers was not to kill the people, but to kill the ones who are originally evil. Therefore do not kill at random.”
Then, Karakuni separated from his army and ran away alone. The shogun saw this from afar, and ordered Kume to shoot him down, but he couldn’t hit him and he was able to escape.
The shogun returned to his orginal force. At that time a large force from the east arrived. He divided the army, stationing them at the high, middle, and low roads. Shogun Fukei himself was on the middle road.
Then, the Omi general Inukai no Muraji Ikimi himself came on the middle road to stay in Muraya and sent Ioi no Myakko Kujira leading 200 spirited troops to attack the army of the shogun [Fukei]. At that time, the number of the troops was few and they could not defend against them.
Then a slave from Oi temple, called Tokomaro, with five men, joined the army. Tokomaro and the others advanced and shot from the front, and Kujira’s army was unable to advance.
That day, Miwa no Kimi Takechimaro and Okichi no Muraji Usagi were on the high road and fought at Hashi Tomb. They routed the Omi army and rode forth victoriously, and cut off the rear of Kujira’s army. Kujira’s army broke up and ran, and many soldiers were killed. Kujira rode a white horse and escaped, but the horse fell into a mud field and could not get out.
Then Shogun Fukei said to a brave man from Kai, “The one riding that white horse is Ioi Kujira. Quickly pursue and shoot him. Then the brave man from Kai rode his horse after him, and caught up to Kujira, then Kujira violently whipped his horse, and the horse was able to get out of the mud and rode off, and he escaped. The shogun then returned to his base with the army. After this, the Omi soldiers did not come.
Previously, when they were at the well of Kanazuna, the magistrate of Takechi district, Takechi no Agatanushi Kome, suddenly had his mouth shut, and was not able to speak.
Three days later, he was possessed by a god and said, “I am in the shrine of Takechi, called the god Kotoshironushi, and in the shrine of Musa, called the god Ikumitama.” Then as the god he said, “Offer a horse and various kinds of weapons to Emperor Jimmu’s tomb.” Then he added, “We stand before and behind the august grandchild, and went to Fuwa and came back. Now we should stand in the army and protect it.” Then they said, “From the west road an army will come. Be ready.” Then he finished speaking and woke up.
Therefore, they dispatched Kome to the tomb to offer up the items according to the instruction, a horse and some weapons. Also they made offerings to the god at Takechi and Musa. After this Iki no Fubito Karakuni himself came to Osaka. Therefore at that time someone said, “As the two gods instructed us, the enemy has come.”
Then, they said prayers to the god Muraya, saying, “Now an army is coming from the road in the middle of your shrine. Therefore prevent their passing.” However, after a few days Ioi no Myakko Kujira’s army came up the middle road. At that time people said, “It is as the gods instructed us.”
After the battle, the shogun told the instruction of these three gods to the Emperor. The Emperor ordered that their status be raised and that they be worshippd.

The Emperor Moves to Asuka Kiyomihara


On the 22nd day, Shogun Fukei had completely pacified Yamato, and crossed Osaka and went to Naniwa. The other generals each went one of three ways, to go to Yamasaki and station at south of the river. Shogun Fukei arrived in Naniwa, in the district of O, and met the governors of the west and ordered them to give him their keys, bells, and stamps. On the 24th day, all the shoguns met in Sasanami (sasa is read sa-sa, 佐佐) and searched for the Ministers of the Left and Right and all the other criminals. On the 26th day, the shoguns headed for Fuwa palace carrying the head of Imperial Prince Otomo, and they presented it to the Emperor before the army.
Eighth month. On the 25th day, the Emperor ordered Imperial Prince Takechi to tell of the myriad ministers of Omi and their crimes. Then heavy punishment of death was on eight people, and they executed the Ministers of the Left and Right at Asai no Tane. That day, the Minister of the Left, Soga Akae, the Grand Speaker Kose no Omi, and their descendents, together with the children of Nakatomi no Muraji Kane and the children of Soga no Omi Hatayasu, were all banished. All those remaining were forgiven.
Previously, the governor of Owari called Saisakobe no Muraji Saichi hid himself in the mountains and killed himself. The Emperor said, “Saichi was a great soldier, and killed himself although he had commited no crime. Maybe there is still something concealed?” On the 27th day, the Emperor praised accomplishments and made rewards.
Ninth month. On the eighth day, the Emperor’s carriage returned to stay at Kuwana district in Ise. On the ninth day, they stayed the night in in the district of Suzuka. On the tenth day, they stayed the night at Ahe. On the 11th day, they stayed the night at Nabari. On the 12th day, they went to the capital of Yamato, to Shima Palace. On the 15th day, they went from Shima Palace to Okamoto Palace.
This year, a palace was built south of Okamoto Palace. That winter, the Emperor moved into it. It was called Asuka Kiyomihara Palace.
Winter, first month. On the 24th day, there was a feast for the guests from Silla Kim Gapsil and others in Tsukushi. That day, they Emperor gave them gifts in differing amounts.
12th month. On the fourth day, they chose people on the basis of their military accomplishments, and increased their cap ranks. Together they were given ranks above that of Shosen, though there was variation in the rank awarded. On the 15th day, one ship was given to the Sillan guests. On the 26th day, Kim Gapsil and the others returned home. That month, Daishiki Ina no Kimi Takami died.

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License