Accession of Emperor Keiko
Emperor Otarashihikooshirowake [Keiko] was the third child of Emperor Ikumeiribikoisachi [Suinin]. His mother was Empress Hibasuhime no Mikoto, the daughter of Prince Chinushi of Tamba. In the 37th year of Emperor Ikumeiribikoisachi he became Crown Prince. He was 21 years old. In the 99th year of Emperor Ikumeiribikoisachi, spring, second month, Emperor Emperor Ikumeiribikoisach died.
First year, Autumn, seventh month. On the 11th day, the Crown Prince became Emperor. Accordingly the system of years was reset — this occurred in the year 71.
Birth of the Emperor's Sons
Second year, spring, third month. On the third day, Harima no Inabino Oiratsume (by one version, Inabi no Wakiiratsume – Iratsume is read I-ra-tsu-me, 異羅菟咩) became Empress. She gave birth to two sons. The first was called Imperial Prince Ousu. The second was called Ousu no Mikoto. According to one writing, she gave birth to three sons. The third was Imperial Prince Wakayamatoneko.
These two, Imperial Prince Ousu and Ousu no Mikoto, were in one day from the same placenta born as twins. The Emperor thought it strange, and screamed as he dropped the pestle. Therefore the two princes were called Big Pestle and Little Pestle.
Ousu no Mikoto was also called Yamato Oguna (read wo-gu-na, 烏具奈), and also called Yamato Takeru no Mikoto. When he was young, he had a warlike spirit, and when he was grown, his appearance was extremely notable, his stature was 3.3 meters, and his power was such that he could lift a giant bronze cauldron.
The Emperor's Children
3rd year, spring, second month. On the first day, divination was performed as to whether the Emperor should go to Kii and worship the gods there, but the result was unfavorable. Thereby the procession was stopped. He dispatched Yanushioshiotakeogogoro no Mikoto (by one version Takeigokoro) to revere them. Then Yanushioshiotakeogogoro no Mikoto was appointed to dwell in Kashiwabara in Abi and revere the gods of heaven and earth. He stayed there for nine years, and married the distant ancestor of the Atai of Ki, Ujihiko’s daughter Kagehime, and she gave birth to Takeshiuchi no Sukune.
Fourth year, Spring, second month. On the 11th day, the Emperor proceeded to Mino Province. The ministers on the left and right said, “There is a beautiful woman in this country, called Otohime. Her stature is noble, and she is the daughter of Imperial Prince Yasakairibiko. The Emperor wanted to get her, so he went to Otohime’s residence. Otohime heard the approach of his palaquin, and hid herself in a bamboo forest. Then, the Emperor planned to get her out and went to Kukuri no Miya (read ku-ku-ri-no-mi-ya, 区玖利能弥揶). He released carp into the lake, and from morning to night enjoyed himself watching them. Otohime wanted to see these carps play and secretly came to the pond, and the Emperor detained her and had intercourse with her.
Then Otohime was thinking that the way of husband and wife was established both in past and present, however it was not convenient for her. Then she spoke to the Emperor, saying, “My character is not one that wishes for sex. Now I could not bear to withstand the Emperor’s command, and have been invited into his room. However I am not happy, and my figure is not attractive, and I cannot bear being in the harem for a time. Only I have a sister, called Yasakairi Bime, and her figure is beautiful, and her intentions are pure, so please put her in the harem.”
The Emperor heard this, and then made Yasakairibime his consort, and she bore seven boys and six girls.
The first was Emperor Wakatarashihiko. The second was Imperial Prince Ihokiiribiko. The third was Imperial Prince Oshinowake. The fourth was Imperial Prince Wakayamatoneko. The fifth was Imperial Prince Osuwake. The sixth was Imperial Princess Nunoshi. The seventh was Imperial Princess Nunaki. The eighth was Imperial Princess Ihokiiribime. The ninth was Imperial Princess Kagoyorihime. The tenth was Imperial Prince Isakiieibiko. The eleventh was Imperial Prince Kibinoehiko. The twelfth was Imperial Princess Takakiiribime. The thirteenth was Imperial Princess Otohime.
By another consort, the daughter of Iwakiwake of the Mio clan Mizuhanoiratsume, Imperial Princess Ihono was born.
By his next consort, Ikawahime, Imperial Prince Kamikushi and Imperial Prince Inasenoiribiko. The older brother, Imperial Prince Kamikushi, was the first ancestor of the Kuni no Miyatsuko of Sanuki. The younger brother, Imperial Prince Inasenoiribiko, was the first ancestor of Harima no Wake. His next consort, the daughter of Kogoto of the Ahe clan, Takatahime, gave birth to Imperial Prince Takekunikoriwake, the the first ancestor of the Mimuranowake of Kii. By his next consort Himukanokaminagaohotane Imperial Prince Himukanosotsubiko was born; he was the first ancestor of the Kimi of Amu. By his next consort Sonotakehime Imperial Prince Kunichiwake and Imperial Prince Kunisowake (also called Imperial Prince Miyajiwake) and Imperial Prince Toyotowake were born. The older brother Kunichiwake was the first ancestor of the Minumanowake, and the younger brother Toyotowake was the first ancestor of the Hinokuniwake.
The Emperor’s sons and daughters, from beginning to end, numbered 80. However, except for Yamatotakeru no Mikoto, future Emperor Wakatarashihiko, and Imperial Prince Ihokiiribiko, the other 70-some odd children were all assigned to the provinces, and each in their respective country. Therefore, the present people called wake of the various countries are the grandchildren of these wake princes.
Revolt of the Kumaso
That month, the Emperor heard the daughters of the Kuni no Miyatsuko of Mino, called Kamubone, the older Etooko and the younger Ototooko, were very beautiful. So he dispatched Ousu no Mikoto to look on the figure of these women. At that time Ousu no Mikoto secretly communicated with the girls, and did not report back to the Emperor. Therefore, the Emperor was angry with Ousu no Mikoto.
Winter, 11th month. On the first day, the Emperor returned from Mino and moved the capital to Makimukum to the palace of Hishoro.
12th year, autumn, seventh month. There was a rebellion in Kumaso, and they did not pay tribute.
Eighth month. On the 15th day, the Emperor went to Tsukushi.
The Emperor Moves to Tsukushi
Ninth month. On the fifth day, the Emperor arrived in Saba, in Suwa. He wished to go south, and proclaimed to the myriad ministers, “Smoke rises from many places in the south. Certainly there are rebels there.” Then he stayed there.
First he dispatched the ancestor of Senior Minister Takemochiki, the ancestor of the Kunisaki no Omi Unate, and the ancestor of the Mononobe Kimi Natsuhana. They were ordered to observe the circumstances.
There was a woman, called Princess Kamunatsuso. Her followers were numerous, and she governed the entire country. When she heard the messengers of the Emperor had come, she removed a Sakaki tree of Mt. Shitsu, and hung an eight-span sword from it’s top, and an eight-foot mirror from it’s middle, and an eight-foot jewel from its bottom, and hung a white flag from the bow of a ship, and proceeded to them, and spoke first, saying “I do not want you to deploy soliders. In my group there are certainly no rebels, now they are going to return to virtue. Only there remains one rebel, called Hanatari, and he falsely claims the Emperor’s title, and he makes noise in the mountains and valleys, and presently at the headwaters of the Usa river. The second is called Mimitari, and he is greedy, and again and again steals from the people, and now he is in the headwaters of the Mike (Ki is read ke, 開). The third is called Asahagi, and he secretly assembles conspirators, and is at the headwaters of the Takaha river. The fourth is Tsuchiori Iori, and he dwells secretly at the headwaters of the Midorino river, and alone relies on the narrow passes of the mountains and rivers, and greatly ransacks the people. These four men, at these four places, make their strongholds. Therefore they order their households, and rule over these places. They all say “We do not follow the Emperor.” I ask you, quickly attack them, and certainly not fail.
Then, Takemochiki and the others first invited Asahagi’s followers. They offered them red clothing, pants, and various things, and had them beckon the other three uncooperative men, who came leading their followers, then seized and killed them each. The Emperor at last came to Tsukushi, to the country of Buzen to Nagao no Agata, and made a temporary palace. Therefore this place was called Miyako.
The Emperor Attacks the Rebels
Winter, tenth month. The Emperor arrived in the country of Okita. This country was spacious and very beautiful, so it was called Okita. Okita is read o-ho-ki-ta, 於保岐陀.
Then he went to the village of Hayami, where there was one woman, called Princess Hayatsu, who was the chief of one place. When she heard the Emperor’s procession, she went on her own to greet him, saying, “There is a great cavern. It is called Nezumi cavern. There are two Tsuchigumo in this cavern. One is called Ao, and one is called Shiro. Also in Negino in Naori no Agata there are three Tsuchigumo. The first is called Uchisaru, the second is called Yata, and the third is called Kunimaro. These five people, together their power is strong, and their followers are many. All say, “Defy imperial rule!” If you summon them by force, they will raise troops and fight.”
The Emperor, thinking there were evildoers about, could not proceed. He stayed in the village of Kutami, erecting a temporary palace and dwelling there. Then he proclaimed at the conference of his many ministers, “Now I want to move many soldiers, and strike the Tsuchigumo. If they fear the force of my troops, they will hide in the mountains and fields, and certainly care must be taken afterwards.”
Then searching for a Tsubaki tree, he made a rod for a weapon. Therefore he searched for a brave general, and bestowed on him the rod, and dug a hole in the mountain, and cut away the grass, and attacked the Tsuchigumo of the stone cavern. Then breaking through the headwaters of the Inaba river, the evil gang was put to death, and the blood flowed to the ankle. Therefore at that time the place where the rod was made was called Tsubakichi, and the place the blood flowed was called Chida. Then coming back to strike at Uchisaru, he climbed over Mt. Negino.
The Emperor Performs Divination
At that time, the arrows of the brigands were shot from the mountainside. They flowed before the army like rain. The Emperor then retreated to Kihara, performed divination on the water. Then rearranging his force, he went first to attack Yata in Negino and break through. Then Uchisaru saw that it was impossible to have victory and surrendered. However he was not forgiven. All were thrown into the valley and died. When the Emperor first attacked the rebels, he stayed in Kashiwao in Ono. There there is a rock, of length 5 feet, width 3 feet, and thickness 1 foot 5 inches. The Emperor prayed, saying, “If I will overthrow the Tsuchigumo, when I kick this rock, it will fly up like the leaf of a Kashi tree.” Then he kicked it. Like the Kashi tree it lifted off into the heavens. Therefore this rock is called Homishi. This time he prayed to Shiga no Kami, Naorinomonobe no Kami, and Naoriirinakaomi no Kami, three gods.
11th month. The Emperor arrived in Hyuga. He built a temporary palace and dwelt there, and called it Takaya Palace.
Attack on the Kumaso
12th month. On the fifth day, the Emperor held conference on attacking the Kumaso. The Emperor invited his many ministers, saying, “ I hear this, in the country of So there are ones called Atsukaya and Sakaya, and these two are the evildoers in Kumaso. Their followers are many, and called the Yasotakeru of Kumaso, and they have no rival. If the military force is small, they cannot overthrow the rebels, and moving many soldiers will be injurious to the people. Is there no way to without military force overthrow them, and return peace to this country?”
Then one minister said, “In Kumaso Takeru has two daughters. The older is called Ichifukaya (Fu is read fu, 賦). The younger is Ichikaya. Their figure is upright, and their hearts have warrior courage. You should reward them heavily, and beckon them to inside your harem, and then seek an opening and attack in a place unexpected, and the blade of your sword will go bloodless, and the rebels will certainly be defeated.”
The Emperor said, “That’s great.”
Then the gifts deceived the daughters and they came within the harem. The Emperor then spoke with Ichifukaya, and seduced her. Then Ichifukaya, attending on the Emperor, said, “Do not worry about the insubordination of Kumaso. I will take care of it. Lend me one or two soldiers.” Then returning home, she made a lot of strong alcohol, and had her father drink. He got drunk and fell asleep off it. Then Ichifukaya secretly cut her father’s bowstring, and one of the soldiers following her killed Kumaso Takeru. The Emperor hated this unfilial act of hers, and executed Ichifukaya. Then he younger sister Ichikaya became the Kuni no Miyatsuko of the country of Hi.
The Emperor Pacifies So
13th year, Summer, fifth month. The country of So was completely pacified. The Emperor then dwelt in his palace at Takaya for already six years. In this country was a beautiful person, called Mihakashihime. Mihakashi is read mi-ha-ka-shi, 弥波迦志. She was invited to become a consort. She gave birth to Imperial Prince Kuniwake, who became the first ancestor of the Kuni no Miyatsuko of Hyuga.
17th year, spring, third month. On the 12th day, the Emperor visited Koyuu no Agata and amused himself in Nimonoono. At this time he looked to the east, and proclaimed to the left and right, “This country exactly faces where the sun comes up.” Therefore this country was named Hyuga. Then, he climbed the great rock of Ono, and remembered the capital, and sang,
“blah blah blah.” This is called the Kunishinobi song.
18th year, spring, third month. The Emperor was going to head to the capital, and went around the country of Tsukushi. At first he went to Hinamori. At this time, near the Iwase river, there was a group of people assembled. Then, the Emperor looked from far away, and said to the left and right, “Who is this group of people, perhaps they are rebels?” and dispatched Ehinamori and Otohinamori, two people, to go and look.
Then, Otohinamori returned back and reported, “Morokata no Kimiizumihime has prepared a great feast for the Emperor, and this is that group of people.”
The Emperor Summons the Kumatsuhiko Brothers
Summer, fourth month. On the third day, he arrived in Kuma no Agata. There there were two brothers, older and younger together called Kumatsuhiko.
The Emperor first messaged the older Kuma to come, and accordingly he received the mandate and came, then he did likewise with the younger Kuma, but he did not come. Therefore, soldiers executed him. On the 11th day, they arrived by sea at the small island of Ashikita and had a meal. At that time the ancestor of Yamabe no Abiko Ohidari was invited, and presented cold water to the Emperor. At that time, there was by chance no water on the island, and he did not know what to do, therefore he looked up and prayed to the gods of heaven and earth. Then a cold spring issued out the side of a cliff, and he ladled the water and presented it. Therefore this island is called Mizushima. This spring is also now at the cliff of Mizushima.
Fifth month. On the first day, the Emperor departed by boat and arrived in the country of Hi. At this time, the sun was sinking, and night’s darkness made the shoreline unknown. In the distance there was the light of a fire, and the Emperor said to the captain, “Head straight for the fire.” Therefore the fire guided his going, and he was able to reach the shore.
The Emperor asked at the place where the fire light had shown, “What village is this?” and the people of the country replied,
“This is Yatsushiro no Agata, in the village of Toyo.
Then he asked about the fire, saying“Whose fire is that?” However he could not find out he owner. By that he knew that the fire was not man-made. Therefore this country was called the country of Hi.
The Divine Tree of Kunugi
Sixth month. On the third day, the Emperor came to Takaku no Agata, to the village of Tamakina. At that time he killed the Tsuchigumo Tsutsura of that place. On the 16th day, he arrived in the country of Aso. This country’s area was expansive and far, and no people dwelt in it. The Emperor said, “Are there any people in this country?” At that time there were two gods, called Asotsuhiko and Asotsuhime. Suddenly they changed into people and said playfully, “We two are here, why do you ask if there is no one here?” Therefore that country is called Aso.
Autumn, seventh month. On the fourth day, he arrived in Tsukushi, in Michinoshiri, in Mike, and there built the temporary palace of Takada. At that time, there was a fallen tree, its length was 970 feet, and the local officials came forth stepping on the tree. At that time the people sang,
“blah blah blah.”
Then the Emperor asked, “What tree is this?” Then one old man said,
“This tree is the Kunugi. A long time ago, before it fell, when the rays of the morning sun struck it, it hid Mt. Kishima, and when struck by the rays of the setting sun, it hid Mt. Aso.” The Emperor then said,
“This is a divine tree. Therefore, this country should be called the country of Mike.”On the seventh day, he arrived in Yame no Agata. Then he crossed Mt. Fuji, and looked upon the south of Awa no Saki.
Then he said, “This mountain’s peaks, when all put together, are very beautiful. Maybe this mountain is divine?” Then the Mizuchi no Agatanushi Saruohomi said, “There is a female god, called Yametsuhime, and she often dwells in the mountain.” Therefore as for the country being called Yame, this was the origin.
Eighth month. He arrived in the village of Ikuha, and took meal. Then said, “My servants left out my cup.” Therefore the people called the place of this forgotten cup, Ukiha. Now, the name Ikuha is a corruption of this. Of old, in the tradition of Tsukushi the word for a cup was Ukiha.
Encounter with the Emishi, Rebellion in Kumaso
19th year, autumn, ninth month. On the 20th day, the Emperor came back from Hyuga.
20th year, spring, second month. On the fourth day, he dispatched Iononohimemiko to worship the great goddess Amaterasu.
25th year, autumn, seventh month. On the third day, he dispatched Takeshiuchi no Sukune to look upon the ground formation of the many countries of the North continent and East way, and see the circumstances of the people there.
27th year, spring, second month. On the 20th day, Takeshiuchi no Sukune came back from the Eastern countries and reported, “Among the barbarians, there is the country Hitakami. In that country, the men and women tie their hair up like a hammer, and tatoo themselves, and as people they are daring. They are called Emishi. Also the ground is fertile and spacious, atttack and it can be taken.”
Autumn, eighth month. There was a rebellion in Kumaso, and they did not cease attacking the borders.
Yamato Takeru Defeats the Kumaso
Winter, tenth month. On the 13th day, the Emperor dispatched Yamato Takeru no Mikoto with command to attack the Kumaso. At that time he was 16 years old. Then, Yamato Takeru said, “I want to go with someone who is good at archery. Where is someone who is good at archery?”
One person said respectfully, “In the country of Mino, there is a talented shooter, called Otohiko no Kimi.” Then Yamato Takeru no Mikoto dispached Miyatohiko from Kuragi palace to invite Otohiko no Kimi.
Therefore Otohiko no Kimi came leading also Yokotachi from Ishiura and Tagononagi and Chizikanoinaki from Owari, and following Yamato Takeru no Mikoto they went off.
12th month. They arrived in the country of Kumaso. Therefore they asked the circumstances and geography of the hard and easy places. At that time in Kumaso were the Takeru, called Toroshikaya, also called Kawakami no Takeru, and they collected all of their relatives and had a banquet.
Then Yamato Takeru no Mikoto untied his hair and made it into the form of a young girl, and secretly asked about the time of Kawakami no Takeru’s banquet, and hid a sword inside his clothing, and went into Kawakami no Takeru’s banquet room, and dwelt among the women. Kawakami no Takeru appreciated this young girl’s figure, and therefore led her by the hand to the same seat, and raising his cup made her drink, and was amused by her entertainment. Then as the night passed and people scattered, Kawakami no Takeru got drunk.
Then, Yamato Takeru no Mikoto drew the sword from within his clothes and stabbed Kawakami no Takeru in the chest. Before he died, Kawakami no Takeru bowed his head and said, “Wait! I have something to say.” Then Yamato Takeru no Mikoto stayed his sword and waited on him.
Kawakami no Takeru said, “Who are you?”
He replied, “I am the son of Emperor Otarashihiko, called Yamato Okuna.”
Kawakami no Takeru said humbly, “I am the strongest and most powerful in this country. Therefore up to this time many people have failed to win against my aggressive force, and no one can match me. I have met many strong warriors, but not yet one like this prince. If this worthless rebel’s coarse mouth to offers up a title, will you allow it?”
He said, “I will permit it.”
Then he said humbly, “From hereon, the prince ought to be called, Yamato Takeru no Miko.” After he had finished speaking he passed the sword through his chest and killed him. Therefore up to now, he is called Yamato Takeru no Mikoto, this is the reason.
After that, he dispatched Otohiko and the others to kill the rest of the band, and not one was left alive. Then he returned to Yamato by sea, and passed through Ana no Umi in Kibi. This place had an evil god, and he killed it. Also when they came on Naniwa, he killed the evil god Kawashi no Watari. Watari is read wa-ta-ri, 和多利.
Attack of the Emishi
28th year, spring, second month. On the first day, Yamato Takeru no Mikoto reported how he had pacified the Kumaso, saying, “I, according to the miracles of the Emperor, in one shot led the soldiers and earnestly put to death the Takeru of Kumaso, and pacified that country. Thereby the western country is calm, and the people are safe. Only also the god Ana no Watari in Kibi and the god Kawashi no Watari in Naniwa, both had evil intentions, and released poison gas, and made hardship for the passers through, and were the cause of natural disasters. Therefore I killed these evil gods, and opened the passages of land and sea. The Emperor praised Yamato Takeru no Mikoto’s endeavors and especially loved him.
40th year, summer, sixth month. The eastern barbarians rebelled in great numbers, and assaulted the borders.
Autumn, seventh month. On the 16th day, the Emperor spoke to the myriad ministers, saying, “Now the east country is in unrest, and many violent gods are awakened. Also the Emishi are in complete revolt, and attacking the people. Who will we dispatch to pacify this rebellion?” The myriad ministers all did not know who to dispatch. Then Yamato Takeru addressed the Emperor, saying,
“I first labored to subjugate the west, and this task is certainly the role of Imperial Prince Ousu.” At that time Imperial Prince Ousu was shocked, and fled to hide among the grass.
Then messengers were dispatched to invite him to come. Therefore the Emperor blamed him, saying, “For a task in which you do not want to do, how can you be dispatched? You still have not faced the rebels, how can you be so afraid?” Then he made Mino his fief, and he went to it. He was the first ancestor of Migetsu no Kimi and Mori no Kimi.
Yamato Takeru Goes to Pacify the East
Then Yamato Takeru no Mikoto bravely told the Emperor, “I already pacified the Kumaso, and no number of years has passed, now the eastern barbarians are rebelling, what day will there be peace? I will labor in this difficult task, and arrange to pacify this rebellion.” The Emperor held an axe and halberd and bestowed them on Yamato Takeru no Mikoto, saying,
“I hear the eastern barbarians’ character is violent and strong, and are wholly maliciously criminal, ther hamlets have no chief, their villages no leaders, each is greedy of their territory, and they steal from and attack each other. Also their mountains have perverse gods, and their suburbs have noisy demons, they barricade the highways and block the passes, and make much hardship for the people. Within these eastern barbarians, the Emishi are especially strong, the men and women live in common, and paternal relations are not distinct. In the winter they stay in holes, and in the summer dwell in nests, they are clothed in hides and drink blood, and even brothers suspect each other. Climbing mountains they fly like birds, and going in the grass they run like dogs. They forget past favors, but upon seeing hatred they always revenge themselves. They hide arrows in the hair of their head, and knives within their clothing, and evildoers gather and attack the borderlands, and they wait on the harvest to attack the people. When they attack they hide in the grass, and when they flee they run into the mountains. Therefore since ancient times, they still have no system of kingship. Now I see you have become a man, your body tall and large, your stature proper, your power can carry a bronze kettle, your bravery is like lightning, no enemy can stand in the direction you face, and the place you attack you will certainly have victory. By this it is known that you are my son, and you are a divine human. Truly, heaven sympathizes with our foolishness and the country is in unrest, will you put into order this heavenly endeavor, and not cease in revering the court? Also this realm is your realm, and this position is your position. I wish you to deeply plan your tact, and seek out the noisy, examine the rebellious, show them this power, use the virtue of conciliation, do not bother with warrior's armor, and naturally institute vassalage. Use clever words to appease the violent gods, and martial force to break the noisy demons.”
Then Yamato Takeru no Mikoto received the axe and halberd, and again bowed to the Emperor, saying, “In the year when I subjugated the West, I depended on the Emperor’s miraculous power, and held the three-foot sword, and attacked the country of Kumaso, and without much passage of time made the rebels bow down in punishment. Now I depend on the miracles of the gods, and borrow the Emperor’s power, and go to the boderlands, to exhibit the teaching of virtue, and where there is insuboordination, to raise soldiers to the attack. Then he bowed again deeply.
The Emperor then ordered Kibi Takehiko and Otomo no Takehi no Muraji to accompany him, and they followed Yamato Takeru no Mikoto. Also Nanatsukihagi was made his steward.
Yamato Takeru Visits the Shrine at Ise
Winter, tenth month. On the second day, Yamato Takeru no Mikoto started on the road. On the seventh day, on the way they dropped in at Ise JinguIse Jingu and worshiped. Then saying words of farewell to Imperial Princess Yamato Hime no Mikoto, he said “Now I have received the order of the Emperor, I go to conquer the east and kill the rebels, therefore I must depart.” Then, Imperial Princess Yamato Hime no Mikoto took the sword Kusanagi no Tsurugi and bestowed it upon Yamato Takeru no Mikoto, saying, “Be serious. You must not be careless.” The same year, Yamato Takeru no Mikoto first arrived in Suruga. In that place the rebels secretly decieved him, saying, “In the field, there are many deer and elk. Their breath is like the morning dew, and their legs like thick forests. Please go and hunt them.”
Yamato Takeru no Mikoto believed these words, and went into the field to search for game. The rebels had a disposition to kill the prince, the prince being Yamato Takeru no Mikoto. They set fire to the field. The prince knew he was deceived, and immediately used flint to set a fire, and using the opposing fire was able to escape. By one account, the prince’s sword, called Murakumo, fell out on its own, and cut the grass around the prince, and therefore he was able to escape. Therefore this sword was called Kusanagi. Murakumo is read mu-ra-ka-mo, 茂羅玖毛.
The prince said, “I was nearly deceived.” Then he burned the rebel band and destroyed them. Therefore this place is called Yakitsu. He then proceeded to Sagami, wanted to go to Kamitsufusa. Looking upon the sea, he boasted, “This sea is tiny, I could almost jump across.” Then he went into the sea.
Yamato Takeru's Consort Kills Herself
Suddenly high winds started, and the prince’s boat floated at whim, and he could not cross. At that time the prince’s consort, called Princess Ototachibana, the daughter of Oshiyama no Sukune of the Hozumi clan, said humbly to the prince, “Now the wind generates waves, and the prince’s boat is going to sink, this is certainly the will of the sea god Watatsumi. I want you to take my feeble body and for the prince’s mission throw it into the sea.” When she finished speaking, she split the waves with it, and the high winds stopped, and the boat was able to reach the shore. Therefore people now call that sea Hashirumizu.
Then Yamato Takeru no Mikoto went shifted from Kamitsufusa and went into the country of Michi no Oku. At that time they hung a great mirror on the prince’s boat, and by sea went through Ashi no Ura, and crossed Tamaura, and arrived at the border of the Emishi.
Yamato Takeru Conquers the Emishi
The Emishi leaders were called Shimatsukami and Kunitsukami, and they gathered their troops at the port of Taka and wanted to repel them. However they saw from afar the prince’s boat, and filled with fear of this power, knowing in their heart they could not win, threw aside their bows and arrows, and they humbled themselves, saying, “Looking on your figure, you are superior to a normal person, as if you are a god. We want to know your name.”
Then the prince replied, “I am the child of Arahitokami.” Then the Emishi completely trembled, and rolled up their clothing, and went into the waves, naturally helping the prince’s boat to reach the shore. Then of their own accord they tied their own hands behind them and surrendered. Threfore they avoided punishment. Then the leader of the prisoners of war was made a vassal. The Emishi already pacified, he returned from the country of Hitakami, and from the Southwest passed through Hitachi, and arrived in the country of Kai, and dwelt in Sakaori palace. Then he made a fire and ate.
That night, he made a song asking his retainers,
“blah blah blah.”
The myriad retainers could not come up with a reply. At that time there was one man who was in charge of the fire, and at the end of the prince’s song he said,
“blah blah blah.”
Then he the intelligence of the man in charge of the fire was lavishly rewarded. Therefore he came to live in the palace, and the Yuki be was rewarded to him, the ancestor of the Otomo no Muraji, Takehi.
Then, Yamato Takeru no Mikoto said, “The Emishi’s evil leaders have surrendered for their crimes. Only the countries of Shinano and Koshi are still a bit insubordinate.” Then from Kai he went northwards to Musashi and Kamitsukeno and arrived in the west at Usuhi no Saka.
Yamato Takeru Crosses Shinano
At that time, Yamato Takeru no Mikoto always had feelings looking back on Princess Ototachibana. Therefore climbing to the peak of Usuhi he looked toward the east and sighed three times, saying, “My mistress (this is read tsu-ma, 兔摩).” Therefore the countries to the east of the mountain were called Azuma. Then he parted the road, and sent Kibi Takeruhiko to Koshi to investigate the geography and precipes and people’s disposition to fall in line, and Yamato Takeru no Mikoto proceeded to enter Shinano.
This country’s mountains were tall and its vallys deep, and green mountains were lined up, and it was difficult for the people to climb even using a staff. The peaks were steep and the passes tortuous, and the high summits numbered in the thousands, and the horses stopped walking and could not proceed. However Yamato Takeru no Mikoto pushed through the fog and parted the mists, and crossed great far-away mountains.
Already reaching the summit he was hungry, and ate among the mountains. The mountain god sought to burden the prince, and a white deer appeared in front of the prince. The prince thought it strange, and threw a piece of garlic at the deer, which hit it in the eye and killed it. Then the prince lost his way, and did not know where to go out. At that time a white dog came forth on its own, and guided the prince. By chance he went with the dog, and was able to come out in Mino. Kibi no Takeruhiko came out of Koshi on his own and met him.
Before this, when people were passing Shinano Saka, they met the spirit of many gods, and they collapsed from sickness. After he killed the white deer, the people crossing the mountain chewed garlic and spread it on man, ox, and horse, and naturally they did not meet any god’s spirits.
Yamato Takeru and the God of Ibukiyama
Yamato Takeru no Mikoto returned to Owari, and married the daughter of the Owari clan Princess Miyasu, and stayed there for a time, over a month. Then, hearing there was a violent god in Omi in Ibukiyama, he unsheathed his sword and placed it in Miyasuhime’s household and set off for there.
Arriving at Ibukiyama, the mountain god changed into a giant snake as the road. Yamato Takeru no Mikoto did not know that the god had changed into a snake and said, “This giant snake is certainly a messenger of the violent god. If I am able to kill the primary god, why should I recognize this messenger?” Then he straddled the snake and went along.
Then the mountain god raised clouds and hail. The peak was covered in fog and the valleys were dark, and there was no road to go forth or back, and he was in a state of panic, and did not know where to step in this place. But he parted the fog with his strength and went forth, and was barely able to make it out. However losing his intention as one drunk, he stayed at the base of the mountain near a spring, and drinking this water he awoke. Therefore this spring is called Isamegai.
Yamato Takeru no Mikoto then first had a pain in his body, however he at last got up and returned to Owari. Then not going into Miyasuhime’s house, he went to Ise and arrived at Otsu.
Previously Yamato Takeru no Mikoto, when he faced the eastern country, stayed at the beach in Otsu and had a meal. At that time he loosed one of his swords in beneath a pine tree, and forgetting it set off. Now arriving back there, the sword was there. Therefore he sang,
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Death of Yamato Takeru
He went to Nobono, and his sickness became worse. Thereby he presented up the Emishi that he had made vassals at the shrine [in Ise].
Then he dispatched Kibi no Takeruhiko to report to the Emperor, saying, “I received the order of the imperial court, to counquer the far-away eastern barbarians. Thereby I prayed for the god’s favor, and depended on the Emperor’s power, and the rebels were made surrender for their sin, and the violent gods naturally appeased. Then wrapping up my armor and staying my halbred, with heart at ease I came back. My wish was always someday, sometime, to report back to the imperial court. However, suddenly the life allotted by heaven has come to an end, and it cannot be stayed any more than a cart by a crack in the road. Now I lie down alone in this field, with no one to speak to. How can I regret dying, rather I regret that I could meet you again.” Then he died in Nobono. He was 30 years old.
When the Emperor heard this, he could not sleep soundly, and food lost its flavor, and he wailed day and night, and cried in sadness, and beat his breast. Then he said with great mourning, “My son Imperial Prince Ousu, previously in the day of the Kumaso rebels, he was still not of the age to tie up his hair, and long he labored to conquer, and since then was by my side, supporting me in what I could not do. However the noisy action of the eastern barbarians, there was no on to send to attack them. Hiding my love he was sent to the rebel frontier, and not one day passed when I did not think of him. The morning and night did not proceed, and I waited for the day of his return. What disaster is this? What crime? In the space of not even thinking, my child is lost. From now on, with whom will we manage the realm?” Then the myriad ministers ordered the retainers, and he was buried in the country of Ise in Nobono no Misasagi.
Then Yamato Takeru changed into a white crane, and left the tomb, and flew to the country of Yamato. The myriad ministers then opened the coffin and looked inside it. It was empty, and only the clothing remained, and there was no body. Then messengers were sent to pursue the white crane. It stopped in Yamato, in Kotohiki no Hara. So a tomb was made in this place. The white crane then flew to Kawachi, and stopped in the village of Furuichi. Also there a tomb was made. Therefore the people at that time called these three tombs Shiratori no Misasagi. However then the crane then flew high into heaven, and only his clothing and crown were buried. Wanting to commemorate his service, the Emperor created the Takeru Be. At this time, it had been 43 years since the Emperor assumed rule.
Establishment of the Crown Prince
51st year, spring, first month. On the seventh day, the Emperor invited the myriad ministers for a feast lasting several days. At that time the Imperial Prince Wakatarashihiko and Takeshiuchi no Sukune did not come to the feast garden.
The Emperor called and asked him the reason. Therefore he reported, “This feast was a happy day, and the myriad ministers and public officials were certainly in a state of amusument, and no one was in the state. What if some crazy person were to seek out some crack [in our defenses] in the vicinity of the palace. Therefore I waited before the gate, to prepare for emergency.” Then the Emperor said to him, “Outstanding!” This is read I-ya-chi-ko, 以[木耶]知挙. And he was loved all the more.
Autumn, eighth month. On the fourth day, Wakatarashihiko no Mikoto was made Crown Prince. On the same day, Takeshiuchi no Sukune was appointed Munehari no Maetsukimi.
Dispersion of the Emishi
Previously, the sword worn by Yamato Takeru no Mikoto, Kusanagi no Tsurugi, was in the country of Owari, in the district of Ayuchi, in Atsuta shrine. Then the Emishi offered up at the shrine in Ise were fighitng day and night, and came and went disrespectfully.
Then Yamatohime no Mikoto said, “These Emishi cannot be allowed near the shrine!” And sending her recommendation up to the court, they were placed in the vicinity of Mt. Mimoro. Still without the passage of any time, they cut down all the trees in the sacred mountain, and screamed, and threatened the residents.
The Emperor heard this, and said to his myriad ministers, “These Emishi that have been placed near the sacred mountain, they originally have a wild heart, and it is difficult to have them living within the central country. Therefore it should be left as their hearts desire, and they made to live outside the central country.” Now they are the ancestors of the Saekibe of the five countries of Harima, Sanuki, Iyo, Aki, and Awa.
Descendants of Yamato Takeru
Previously Yamato Takeru no Mikoto’s wife Imperial Princess Futajinoiribime was made his consort. She gave birth to Prince Inayoriwake, and next Emperor Tarashinakatsuhiko [Chuai], and next Princess Nunoshiiribime no Mikoto, and next Prince Wakatake. The older brother Prince Inayoriwake was the first ancestor of the kimi of Inukami and of Takerube.
His second consort was the daughter of Kibi no Takeruhiko, Princess Anato no Take of Kibi. She gave birth to Prince Takekaigo and Prince Tookiwake. The older brother Prince Takekaigo was the first ancestor of the Kimi of Sanuki no Aya. The younger brother Prince Tokiwake was the first ancestor of the Kimi of Iyo no Wake.
His next consort wsa the daughter of Oshiyama no Sukune of the Hozumi clan, Princess Ototachibana. She gave birth to Prince Wakatakehiko.
52nd year, summer, fifth month. On the fourth day, the Empress Harima no Ohoiratsume died.
Autumn, seventh month. On the seventh day, Yasakanoiribime no Mikoto was made Empress.
The Emperor Visits the Eastern Countries
53rd year, autumn, eighth month. On the first day, the Emperor proclaimed to the myriad ministers, saying, “I think back on the child I love, what day will it stop? My wish is to go around the country pacified by Prince Ousu.”
That same month, The Emperor’s palaquin went to Ise, and on to the Eastern sea.
Winter, tenth month. He arrived in Kazusa, and went by sea crossing to the port of Awa. At this time he heard the cry of an osprey, and wanted to see the form of the bird, and set out to sea after it. There he got a white clam. At that time, the distant ancestor of the Omi of Kashiwade Iwakamutsukari, using a piece of kama grass as paper, made clams into a dish and served it to the Emperor. Therefore in praise of his deed Mutsukari was given the Kashiwade no Otomo be.
12th month. The Emperor returned from the eastern countries, and was in Ise. That place was named Kanihata palace.
54th year, autum, ninth month. On the 19th day, he returned from Ise to Yamato and stayed in Makimuku palace.
Administration of the Eastern Countries
55th year, spring, second month. On the 5th day, Prince Hikosashima was appointed head of the 15 countries of the Eastern mountain pass: he was the grandson of Toyoki no Mikoto. However in the village of Anakui in Kasuga he fell over from sickness and died there. At this time the people of the Eastern countries were saddened that the Prince could not come, and secretly stole his corpse, and buried him in the country of Kamitsuke.
56th year, autumn, eighth month. The Emperor said to Prince Mimorowake, “Your father Prince Hikosashima can not return to his post and was buried quickly, therefore you must go and rule the eastern countries.”
Then Prince Mimorowake received the Emperor’s order, and wanted to complete his father’s task, and went and governed them, quickly instituting good administration. At that time the Emishi were noisly moving, so he raised soldiers and attacked. The Emishi leaders Ashifuribe, Ohohafuribe, and Totsukuraobe came bowing their heads. They bowed and received their punishment, and gave up all their land. Therefore the rebels who surrendered were forgiven, and the insuboordinates put to death. In this way the East was made safe for a long time. Therefore this prince’s descendents are still now in the Eastern country.
Death of the Emperor
57th year, autumn, ninth month. Sakate reservoir was constructed. Bamboo was planted on the dike.
Winter, tenth month. By order to the myriad countries, the Emperor set up Ta be and miyatsuko.
58th year, spring, second month. On the 11th day, the Emperor visited the country of Omi and stayed in Shiga for three years, in the place pronounced Takaanaho palace.
60th year, winter, 11th month. On the seventh day, the Emperor died in Takaanaho palace. He was 106 years old.
Accession of Emperor Seimu
Emperor Wakatarashihiko [Seimu] was the fourth child of Emperor Otarashihikooshirowake [Keiko]. His mother was Yasakairibime no Mikoto, the daughter of Yasakairibiko no Miko.
In the 46th year of Emperor Otarashihikooshirowake, he became crown prince. He was 24 years old.
60th year, winter, 11th month. Emperor Otarashihikooshirowake died.
First year, spring, first month. On the fifth day, the Crown Prince became Emperor. That year was A.D. 131.
Second year, winter, 11th month. On the tenth day, Emperor Otarashihikooshirowake was buried in the country of Yamato in the tomb of Yama no He no Michi. The Empress was pronounced Empress Dowager.
Third year, spring, fifth month. On the seventh day, Takeshiuchi no Sukune was made Senior Minister. Previously, the Emperor and Takeshiuchi no Sukune were born on the same day, therefore he was especially liked.
Imperial Order to Establish Regional Government
Fourth year, spring, second month. On the first day, the Emperor proclaimed, “Our previous Emperor Otarashihikooshirowake was intelligent and brave, undertaking the books [rule of the realm] and receiving the plan [of heaven]. In accordance with heaven he ruled man, distributed propriety to the rebels, his virtue like a cover of illumination, and his way cooperated with development. In this way in the land under heaven none failed to recognize him as sovereign, of all things with breath and soul, what did not get its place? Now I have succeeded and walk on the precious throne, morning and night I am wary and cautious. However the people wriggle as insects and will not refrom their wild hearts. Their countries have no chiefs, their villages no leaders. From now on in the countries a chief will be established, and in the village placed a head. Therefore men appropriate to the job will be taken and appointed chiefs and heads of the countries. This will make the shield of the inner areas.”
5th year, autumn, ninth month. The myriad countries were ordered to establish a chief, and the villages a warden. They were given shield and halbred as a sign. Using the mountains and rivers as borders the countries were divided, and by the north-south and east-west roads the villages were established. Threfore the east-west borders were called Hi no Tatashi, the north-south Hi no Yokoshi, the dark side of the mountains Kagetomo, and the mountains light side Sotomo. In this way the people dwelt in peace, and the realm was safe.
Death of the Emperor
48th year, spring, third month. On the first day, the Emperor’s nephew Tarashinakatsuhiko no Mikoto was appointed Crown Prince.
60th year, summer, sixth month. On the 11th day, the Emperor died. He was 107 years old.